Water Immersion-Induced Skin Wrinkling Is Related to Heart Rate Variability.

Summary of "Water Immersion-Induced Skin Wrinkling Is Related to Heart Rate Variability."

Water immersion-induced skin wrinkling (WISW) is dependent on intact peripheral sympathetic function. WISW was hypothesized to reflect autonomic function in subjects without peripheral neuropathy. We prospectively studied 70 healthy subjects (aged 31 +/- 8 years, 63% females) without cardiovascular risk factors or neurological disease. All subjects underwent short-term heart rate variability (HRV) studies. Time and frequency domain variables were derived including the HRV index. WISW was graded using a previously validated scale of 1-4 of which 18.6% of subjects exhibited grade 1 (minimal) WISW and 35.7% had grade 2 WISW. On multivariate analysis using the HRV index, WISW was independently related to height and the HRV index. We conclude that WISW is related to central autonomic function.


Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, N.Y., USA.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Cardiology
ISSN: 1421-9751
Pages: 247-250


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [38655 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

The effects of cold water immersion with different dosages (duration and temperature variations) on heart rate variability post-exercise recovery: A randomized controlled trial.

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of cold water immersion during post-exercise recovery, with different durations and temperatures, on heart rate variability indices.

Heart Rate, Life Expectancy and the Cardiovascular System: Therapeutic Considerations.

It has long been known that life span is inversely related to resting heart rate in most organisms. This association between heart rate and survival has been attributed to the metabolic rate, which is...


This study compared heart rate (HR), oxygen uptake (O2), percentage of maximal heart rate (%HRmax), percentage of maximal oxygen uptake (%O2max) and cadence (Cad) related to the anaerobic threshold (A...

Heart rate and heart failure.

Resting heart rate has long been thought to be a risk factor in cardiovascular disease and a prognostic factor in heart failure. β-Blockers were originally used in heart failure for their heart rate ...

Sexual dimorphism in the osmopressor response following water ingestion.

There is conflicting evidence as to whether water drinking elicits a pressor response in healthy young adults. The inclusion of a variable number of women may have contributed to the discrepancies fou...

Clinical Trials [8997 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Water Immersion in Right-Sided Heart Failure: A Pilot Study

This is an unblinded pilot study comparing (against a randomized control day without water immersion) the diuretic and natriuretic effects of water immersion in patients with right heart f...

Effects of Various Modalities Water Immersion on Veins

Objectives In this study the investigators examined the changes in common femoral vein (CFV) and great saphenous vein (GSV) calibre during thermo neutral water immersion (TNI), cold water ...

Cold Water Immersion and Recovery

Cold-water immersion (CWI) is a frequently applied strategy to accelerate post-exercise recovery in both recreational as well as professional athletes. However, the effect of repeated post...

The Effects of Cold Water Immersion With Different Dosages (Duration and Temperature Variations) on Heart Rate Variability Post-exercise Recovery

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of cold water immersion (CWI) during post-exercise recovery with different durations and temperatures on heart rate variability ...

The Accumulative Effect of Cold Water Immersion in Football Athletes

Football is a sport with congested calendars, which requires muscle recovery strategies such as cold water immersion (CWI). This recovery technique is well spread through football clubs, a...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A condition of the feet produced by prolonged exposure of the feet to water. Exposure for 48 hours or more to warm water causes tropical immersion foot or warm-water immersion foot common in Vietnam where troops were exposed to prolonged or repeated wading in paddy fields or streams. Trench foot results from prolonged exposure to cold, without actual freezing. It was common in trench warfare during World War I, when soldiers stood, sometimes for hours, in trenches with a few inches of cold water in them. (Andrews' Diseases of the Skin, 8th ed, p27)

The heart rate of the FETUS. The normal range at term is between 120 and 160 beats per minute.

A pumping mechanism that duplicates the output, rate, and blood pressure of the natural heart. It may replace the function of the entire heart or a portion of it, and may be an intracorporeal, extracorporeal, or paracorporeal heart. (Dorland, 28th ed)

Non-fatal immersion or submersion in water. The subject is resuscitable.

Death that occurs as a result of anoxia or heart arrest, associated with immersion in liquid.

Quick Search

DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Wound management
Anything that breaks the skin is a wound because when the skin is broken, there's a risk of germs getting into the body and causing an infection. Follow and track Wound Care News on BioPortfolio: Wound Car...

Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine.  Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...

Acne Dermatology Eczema Psoriasis Wound Care Dermatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of skin disorders (Oxford Medical Dictionary). As well as studying how the skin works, dermatology covers...

Searches Linking to this Article