Evaluation of alginate microspheres for mesenchymal stem cells engraftment on solid organ.
Summary of "Evaluation of alginate microspheres for mesenchymal stem cells engraftment on solid organ."
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) may be used as a cell source for cell therapy of solid organ due to their differentiation potential and paracrine effect. Nevertheless, optimisation of MSCs based therapy needs to develop alternative strategies to improve cell administration and efficiency. One option is the use of alginate microencapsulation which presents an excellent biocompatibility and an in vivo stability. As MSCs are hypoimmunogenic, it was conceivable to produce microparticles with (alginate-poly(L-lysine)-alginate (APA) microcapsules) or without (alginate microspheres) a surrounding protective membrane. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the most suitable microparticles to encapsulate MSCs for engraftment on solid organ. First, we compared the two types of microparticles with 4 x 10 MSCs/ ml of alginate. Results showed that each microparticle has distinct morphology and mechanical resistance but both remained stable over time. However, as MSCs exhibited a better viability in microspheres than in microcapsules, the study was pursued with microspheres. We demonstrated that viable MSCs were still able to produce the paracrine factor b-FGF and did not present any chondrogenic or osteogenic differentiation, processes sometimes reported with the use of polymers. We then proved that microspheres could be implanted under the renal capsule without degradation with time or inducing impairment of renal function. In conclusion, these microspheres behave as an implantable scaffold whose biological and functional properties could be adapted to fit with clinical applications.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Cell transplantation
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20719065
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/096368910X514297
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation
Transfer of MESENCHYMAL STEM CELLS between individuals within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS).
Mesenchymal Stem Cells
Cells that can develop into distinct mesenchymal tissue such as BONE; TENDONS; MUSCLES; ADIPOSE TISSUE; CARTILAGE; NERVE TISSUE; and BLOOD and BLOOD VESSELS.
Multipotent Stem Cells
Specialized stem cells that are committed to give rise to cells that have a particular function; examples are MYOBLASTS; MYELOID PROGENITOR CELLS; and skin stem cells. (Stem Cells: A Primer [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Institutes of Health (US); 2000 May [cited 2002 Apr 5]. Available from: http://www.nih.gov/news/stemcell/primer.htm)
Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation
Transplantation of stem cells collected from the peripheral blood. It is a less invasive alternative to direct marrow harvesting of hematopoietic stem cells. Enrichment of stem cells in peripheral blood can be achieved by inducing mobilization of stem cells from the BONE MARROW.
Dendritic Cells, Follicular
Non-hematopoietic cells, with extensive dendritic processes, found in the primary and secondary follicles of lymphoid tissue (the B cell zones). They are different from conventional DENDRITIC CELLS associated with T-CELLS. They are derived from MESENCHYMAL STEM CELLS and are negative for class II MHC antigen and do not process or present antigen like the conventional dendritic cells do. Instead, follicular dendritic cells have FC RECEPTORS and C3B RECEPTORS that hold antigen in the form of ANTIGEN-ANTIBODY COMPLEXES on their surfaces for long periods for recognition by B-CELLS.
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