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One-pot synthesis of five and six membered N, o, s-heterocycles using a ditribromide reagent.

06:00 EDT 20th August 2010 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "One-pot synthesis of five and six membered N, o, s-heterocycles using a ditribromide reagent."

In a one-pot procedure, bromine less brominating reagent 1,1'-(ethane-1,2-diyl)dipyridinium bistribromide (EDPBT) has been utilized as an efficient desulfurizing agent for the construction of a library of heterocycles containing N, O, and S starting from aryl/alkyl isothiocyanates. In this approach, aryl/alkyl isothiocyanate reacts with o-phenylenediamine (o-PD), o-aminophenol, and o-aminothiophenol to form their monothiourea which on desulfurization with EDPBT led to the formation of corresponding 2-aminobenzimidazoles, 2-aminobenzoxazoles, and 2-aminobenzothiazoles, respectively. An interesting regioselectivity was observed for unsymmetrical thiourea having a naphthyl moiety on the one side and an ortho amino or an ortho hydroxy phenyl group on the other side giving a completely different product which is mainly dependent on the nature of the nucleophiles (-OH or -NH(2)). Further, the bis-thioureas resulted from the aliphatic 1,2-diamine with 2 equiv of aryl isothiocyanates on treatment with EDPBT gave imidazolidenecarbothioamides, whereas bis-thioureas resulted from aromatic 1,2-diamine yielded benzimidazoles with concurrent expulsion of an isothiocyanate unit. This method is simple and applied to various substrates which are amenable to bromination that reveals the desulfurizing ability of EDPBT predominating over its brominating ability. Finally, the spent reagent EDPDB can be recovered, regenerated, and reused without any loss of activity.

Affiliation

Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Assam 781 039, India.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of combinatorial chemistry
ISSN: 1520-4774
Pages: 754-63

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