Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
We analyzed, by the latest high-resolution SNP arrays, 19 Normal Karyotype (NK)-AML patients at diagnosis (Dx) and remission (R) phases, to determine the number of tumor-associated copy number abnormalities (CNAs) and copy neutral-loss of heterozygosity (CN-LOH) regions per patient and to identify possible recurring genomic abnormalities. The number of tumor-associated CNAs was determined after comparison of matched Dx/R samples using stringent conditions able to reduce the number of false positive CNAs. With the exception of a single outlier case, a low number of CNAs per patient was detected (median value of 1 somatic loss or gain per patient). However, a high prevalence of CNAs (60-70% of the patients showed at least one tumor-associated gain or loss) and few recurring CNAs were observed, thus providing new hints towards identification of cooperating mutations. An extensive search of all tumor-associated CN-LOH regions >1 Mb revealed only three broad regions (terminal 12Mb of 22q, terminal 27Mb of 1p and the whole chromosome 21) in three patients out of 19 (16%). CN-LOH of the whole chromosome 21 was responsible for homozygosity of a missense mutation (R80C) of RUNX1/AML1. Our study suggests that a relative submicroscopic copy number stability NK-AML genomes is associated with low recurrence of specific CNAs and CN-LOH in NK-AML patient population. Sequencing of candidate genes in the identified CNAs and CN-LOH regions should be considered a priority in the search of novel driver mutations of AML. (c) 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Laboratorio sui Sistemi Complessi, Scuola Superiore di Catania, Università di Catania, Italy.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Genes, chromosomes & cancer
Acquired copy neutral loss-of-heterozygosity (CN-LOH) is a frequent occurrence in myeloid malignancies and is often associated with resistance to standard therapeutic modalities and poor survival. Her...
Whole-genome and exome sequencing in human populations has revealed the tolerance of each gene for loss-of-function variation. By understanding this tolerance, it has become increasingly possible to i...
Two hypomethylating agents (HMAs), azacitidine and decitabine, have demonstrated clinical activities in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML); however, potential problems inc...
Germline mutations in the succinate dehydrogenase (SDHA, SDHB, SDHC, SDHD, SDHAF2) or Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) genes cause hereditary paraganglioma/pheochromocytoma. While SDHB (1p36) and VHL (3p25) ar...
Copy number variation (CNV) affecting protein-coding genes contributes substantially to human diversity and disease. Here we characterized the rates and properties of rare genic CNVs (
Inheritance of Osteosarcoma & Paget's Disease Through Chromosome 18: Examination of Osteosarcoma Tissue Samples From Two Family Members for Loss of Heterozygosity in the Chromosome 18 Region, Genetically Linked With Paget's Disease of Bone
Researchers have previously demonstrated loss of heterozygosity in a region on chromosome 18q, associated with osteogenic sarcomas in bone affected by Paget's disease. The loci used in th...
The purpose of this continuation project is to use MRI to evaluate gapping of the zygapophysial (Z) joints following side-posture positioning and side-posture spinal adjusting in subjects ...
This study aims to understand the state of onset of NLSD(neutral lipid storage disease) / TGCV(triglyceride deposit cardiovasculopathy) worldwide, background information of affected patien...
Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is a relatively rare disorder with known familiar aggregation (i.e. HL in more than one child, or parent and child). Because affected individuals in familial HL are g...
Objective:To present an extremely rare site of occurrence of endometriotic cyst in the layers of Broad Ligament. Patient:A 32 yrs.old woman,married 4 yrs.,presented to OB-GY Dept.with acu...
A copy number variation that results in reduced GENE DOSAGE due to any loss-of-function mutation. The loss of heterozygosity is associated with abnormal phenotypes or diseased states because the remaining gene is insufficient.
A situation where one member (allele) of a gene pair is lost (LOSS OF HETEROZYGOSITY) or amplified.
The loss of one allele at a specific locus, caused by a deletion mutation; or loss of a chromosome from a chromosome pair, resulting in abnormal hemizygosity. It is detected when heterozygous markers for a locus appear monomorphic because one of the ALLELES was deleted. When this occurs at a tumor suppressor gene locus where one of the alleles is already abnormal, it can result in neoplastic transformation (CELL TRANSFORMATION, NEOPLASTIC).
Compositions written by hand, as one written before the invention or adoption of printing. A manuscript may also refer to a handwritten copy of an ancient author. A manuscript may be handwritten or typewritten as distinguished from a printed copy, especially the copy of a writer's work from which printed copies are made. (Webster, 3d ed)
Broad plate of dense myelinated fibers that reciprocally interconnect regions of the cortex in all lobes with corresponding regions of the opposite hemisphere. The corpus callosum is located deep in the longitudinal fissure.