Executive function during acute exercise: the role of exercise intensity.

17:21 EDT 31st October 2014 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Executive function during acute exercise: the role of exercise intensity."

This study was designed to examine the modulation of executive functions during acute exercise and to determine whether exercise intensity moderates this relationship. Eighty college-aged adults were recruited and randomly assigned into one of the four following groups: control, 30%, 50%, and 80% heart rate reserve. The Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) was administered during each intervention. The results indicated that the majority of the WCST performances were impaired in the high exercise intensity group relative to those of the other three groups, whereas similar performance rates were maintained in the low- and moderate-intensity groups. These findings suggest that transient hypofrontality occurs during high-intensity exercise, but not during low- and moderate-intensity exercises. Future research aimed at employing the dual-mode theory, and applying the reticular-activating hypofrontality model is recommended to further the current knowledge.

Affiliation

Graduate Institute of Athletics and Coaching Science, National Taiwan Sport University, Guishan Township, Taoyuan County, Taiwan, R.O.C.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of sport & exercise psychology
ISSN: 1543-2904
Pages: 358-67

Links

PubMed Articles [26754 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Fitness Level Moderates Executive Control Disruption During Exercise Regardless of Age.

The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of exercise intensity, age, and fitness levels on executive and nonexecutive cognitive tasks during exercise. Participants completed a computerized ...

Long-term mild-intensity exercise regimen preserves prefrontal cortical volume against aging.

It has been suggested that exercise improves cognitive function and increases cerebral volume even in older people. However, the relation between cognitive function and brain volume is unclear. We eva...

Prior Heavy-Intensity Exercise Enhances VO2 Kinetics and Short-Term High-Intensity Exercise Performance Independently of Aerobic Training Status.

Prior high-intensity exercise can improve exercise performance during severe-intensity exercise. These positive alterations have been attributed, at least in part, to enhancement of the overall VO2 ki...

Isometric exercise and cognitive function: an investigation of acute dose-response effects during submaximal fatiguing contractions.

Abstract The purpose of this study was to explore the dose-response relationship between exercise and cognitive performance using an acute bout of isometric exercise. University students (N = 55) we...

Apolipoprotein E ε4 Allele Modulates the Immediate Impact of Acute Exercise on Prefrontal Function.

The difference between Apolipoprotein E ε4 carriers and non-carriers in response to single exercise sessions was tested. Stroop and Posner tasks were administered to young untrained women immediately...

Clinical Trials [6266 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Effect of Exercise Before Gastric Bypass

Exercise training is proved to protect against premature cardiovascular mortality. Additionally there are evidence that relatively high exercise intensity may be an important factor for im...

Exercise Dose-Response on Features of the Metabolic Syndrome

This study investigates the degree of improvement in insulin resistance and features of the metabolic syndrome in non-diabetic overweight or obese subjects after training in a low-intensit...

High-Intensity Exercise Training in Patients With Post-Infarction Heart Failure

Introduction: Moderate-intensity endurance-training is known to reduce symptoms, increase exercise tolerance, and improve quality of life in patients with chronic heart failure. The traini...

Exercise and Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetes

Hyperglycemia is an independent risk factor for the development of diabetic complications in type 2 diabetes. Exercise improves glycemic control, however, the role of exercise characterist...

Behavioral Exercise Intervention for Smoking Cessation

The purpose of this study is to test the effect of a moderate-intensity aerobic exercise intervention for smokers interested in quitting smoking. We expect that this project will contribu...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Controlled physical activity, more strenuous than at rest, which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used. The intensity of exercise is often graded, using criteria such as rate of work done, oxygen consumption, and heart rate.

The exercise capacity of an individual as measured by endurance (maximal exercise duration and/or maximal attained work load) during an EXERCISE TEST.

Transient reduction in blood pressure levels immediately after exercises that lasts 2-12 hours. The reduction varies but is typically 5-20 mm Hg when compared to pre-exercise levels. It exists both in normotensive and hypertensive individuals and may play a role in excercise related PHYSIOLOGIC ADAPTATION.

Asthma attacks following a period of exercise. Usually the induced attack is short-lived and regresses spontaneously. The magnitude of postexertional airway obstruction is strongly influenced by the environment in which exercise is performed (i.e. inhalation of cold air during physical exertion markedly augments the severity of the airway obstruction; conversely, warm humid air blunts or abolishes it).

A method of recording heart motion and internal structures by combining ultrasonic imaging with exercise testing (EXERCISE TEST) or pharmacologic stress.

Search BioPortfolio:
Loading
Advertisement

Relevant Topic

Cardiology
Latest News Clinical Trials Research Drugs Reports Corporate
Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine.  Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...

Advertisement

Searches Linking to this Article