Relationship between plasma concentrations of morphine and its metabolites and pain in cancer patients.
Summary of "Relationship between plasma concentrations of morphine and its metabolites and pain in cancer patients."
Objective This study was undertaken to investigate the relationship between the plasma concentration of morphine, morphine-3-glucuronide and morphine-6-glucuronide and pain in cancer patients receiving oral morphine. Methods The trough value of plasma concentrations of morphine and its metabolites were measured by high performance liquid chromatography using an ultraviolet detector. Using this assay system, the plasma concentrations of morphine, morphine-3-glucuronide and morphine-6-glucuronide in 26 cancer pain patients were measured and compared with pain intensity. The pain intensity was assessed at the time of blood sampling using the visual analog scale. Results The trough value of morphine and morphine-6-glucuronide did not show a significant correlation with pain intensity by visual analog scale assessment, but morphine-3-glucuronide and the ratio of morphine-3-glucuronide/morphine showed a significantly positive correlation (r = 0.528, P = 0.006 and r = 0.671, P < 0.001, respectively). By dividing the group according to low (= median value) or high (> median value) VAS scores a significant difference was found between the two groups in morphine-3-glucuronide and the ratio of morphine-3-glucuronide/morphine (P = 0.045 and P = 0.007, respectively). Conclusion These results indicated that the level of morphine-3-glucuronide is related to the patient's perception of morphine effect, and the plasma concentration of morphine-3-glucuronide and the ratio of morphine-3-glucuronide/morphine indicated potency to assess clinical effect.
Department of Drug Information and Communication, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chiba University, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba, 260-8675, Japan, email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Pharmacy world & science : PWS
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20730493
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11096-010-9430-9
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A narcotic analgesic that can be used for the relief of most types of moderate to severe pain, including postoperative pain and the pain of labor. Prolonged use may lead to dependence of the morphine type; withdrawal symptoms appear more rapidly than with morphine and are of shorter duration.
An opioid analgesic with actions and uses similar to those of MORPHINE, apart from an absence of cough suppressant activity. It is used in the treatment of moderate to severe pain, including pain in obstetrics. It may also be used as an adjunct to anesthesia. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1092)
An opioid analgesic used similarly to MORPHINE in the control of moderate to severe pain. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1097)
The principal alkaloid in opium and the prototype opiate analgesic and narcotic. Morphine has widespread effects in the central nervous system and on smooth muscle.
An opioid analgesic made from MORPHINE and used mainly as an analgesic. It has a shorter duration of action than morphine.
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