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The mechanisms by which Nuclear Hormone Receptors (NHRs) regulate transcription are highly dynamic and require interplay between a myriad of regulatory protein complexes including the 26S proteasome. Protein degradation is the most well-established role of the proteasome; however, an increasing body of evidence suggests that the 26S proteasome may regulate transcription in proteolytic and non-proteolytic mechanisms. Here we review how these mechanisms may apply to NHR-mediated transcriptional regulation.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Biochimica et biophysica acta
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A nuclear receptor coactivator with specificity for ESTROGEN RECEPTORS and PROGESTERONE RECEPTORS. It contains a histone acetyltransferase activity that may play a role in CHROMATIN REMODELING during the process of nuclear receptor-induced transcription. The coactivator has been found at elevated levels in certain HORMONE-DEPENDENT NEOPLASMS such as those found in BREAST CANCER.
A DNA-binding orphan nuclear receptor that negatively regulates expression of ARNTL TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS and plays a role as a regulatory component of the circadian clock system. The Nr1d1 nuclear receptor expression is cyclically-regulated by a feedback loop involving its positive regulation by CLOCK PROTEIN; BMAL1 PROTEIN heterodimers and its negative regulation by CRYPTOCHROME and PERIOD PROTEINS.
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