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Magnetophoresis is a method of enhancement of drug permeation across biological barriers by the application of magnetic field. The present study investigated the mechanistic aspects of magnetophoretic transdermal drug delivery and also assessed the feasibility of designing a magnetophoretic transdermal patch system for the delivery of lidocaine. In Vitro drug permeation studies were carried out across the porcine epidermis at different magnetic field strengths. The magnetophoretic drug permeation "flux enhancement factor" was found to increase with the applied magnetic field strength. The mechanistic studies revealed that the magnetic field applied in this study did not modulate permeability of the stratum corneum barrier. The predominant mechanism responsible for magnetically mediated drug permeation enhancement was found to be "magnetokinesis". The octanol/water partition coefficient of drugs was also found to increase when exposed to the magnetic field. A reservoir type transdermal patch system with a magnetic backing was designed for in vivo studies. The dermal bioavailability (AUC(0-6h)) from the magnetophoretic patch system in vivo, in rats was significantly higher than the similarly designed non-magnetic control patch.
Department of Pharmaceutics, The University of Mississippi, University, MS 38677.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of controlled release : official journal of the Controlled Release Society
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The purpose of the extension phase is to evaluate the long-term safety and tolerability of BTDS.
A medicated adhesive patch placed on the skin to deliver a specific dose of medication into the bloodstream.
Forms to which substances are incorporated to improve the delivery and the effectiveness of drugs. Drug carriers are used in drug-delivery systems such as the controlled-release technology to prolong in vivo drug actions, decrease drug metabolism, and reduce drug toxicity. Carriers are also used in designs to increase the effectiveness of drug delivery to the target sites of pharmacological actions. Liposomes, albumin microspheres, soluble synthetic polymers, DNA complexes, protein-drug conjugates, and carrier erythrocytes among others have been employed as biodegradable drug carriers.
The action of a drug in promoting or enhancing the effectiveness of another drug.
The utilization of drugs as reported in individual hospital studies, FDA studies, marketing, or consumption, etc. This includes drug stockpiling, and patient drug profiles.
Systems for the delivery of drugs to target sites of pharmacological actions. Technologies employed include those concerning drug preparation, route of administration, site targeting, metabolism, and toxicity.
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...
Biological therapy involves the use of living organisms, substances derived from living organisms, or laboratory-produced versions of such substances to treat disease. Some biological therapies for cancer use vaccines or bacteria to stimulate the body&rs...