Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Vocal fold paresis has a multifactorial etiology and is idiopathic in many individuals. The incidence of thyroid-related neuropathy in the larynx has not been previously described. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of previously undiagnosed thyroid disease in patients with laryngeal neuropathy and to compare this prevalence with that in a cohort of patients with a neurotologic neuropathy. STUDY DESIGN AND
Case series with chart review; tertiary care, otolaryngology practice. SUBJECTS AND
Charts of 308 consecutive patients with dysphonia and vocal fold paresis and 333 consecutive patients with sensorineural hearing loss, who presented for evaluation during a 3-year period, were reviewed.
One hundred forty-six of 308 (47.4%) patients with vocal fold paresis were diagnosed with concurrent thyroid disease, whereas 55 of 333 (16.5%) patients with sensorineural hearing loss were diagnosed with concurrent thyroid disease (P<0.001, Pearson chi-square = 92.896; degrees of freedom = 5). Thyroid diagnoses among those with vocal fold paresis included benign growths (29.9%), thyroiditis (7.8%), hyperthyroidism (4.5%), hypothyroidism (3.6%), and thyroid malignancy (1.6%).
Thyroid abnormalities are more prevalent in patients with dysphonia and vocal fold paresis than in patients with symptomatic sensorineural hearing loss, suggesting a greater association between previously undiagnosed thyroid abnormalities and laryngeal neuropathy than that between neurotologic neuropathy and thyroid disease.
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of voice : official journal of the Voice Foundation
The prevalence of thyroid disease is likely increased among individuals with celiac disease (CD). In addition, exposure to gluten-free treatment may be associated with a risk of thyroid disease, but t...
Diabetes mellitus (DM) and thyroid dysfunction (TD) are two common endocrine disorders. The unrecognized subclinical TD may adversely affect metabolic control and increase cardiovascular risk. Our aim...
Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) patients are widely held to often have other autoimmune disorders, including autoimmune thyroid disease. Here, we systematically evaluated the literature on the pre...
This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of comorbidities in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) compared with the non-RA population. The 2010-2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examinati...
The prevalence of depression among different eye disease patients varies across studies and has not been systematically reviewed. This study is to provide a summary of the prevalence of depression amo...
This study aims to collect Australian data on the prevalence of undiagnosed psoriatic arthritis in patients with plaque psoriasis. In addition the study will assess disease severity and qu...
This study is planned to compare C-Mac video-laryngoscope and airway ultrasound as two novel techniques (causing least discomfort to the patients) for the detection of impaired vocal-cord ...
Total of 100 patients are included in this is a prospective observational study to evaluate the role of airway ultrasound (USG) in assessing vocal cord mobility in patients undergoing thyr...
The primary goal of this study is to measure the prevalence of undiagnosed pre-diabetes/diabetes among women hospitalized with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) compared to men. Inpatients wi...
Obstetric complications are common and can be responsible for maternal and foetal morbidity and mortality. Thyroid dysfunction has been identified as a possible cause of obstetric complica...
A pair of cone-shaped elastic mucous membrane projecting from the laryngeal wall and forming a narrow slit between them. Each contains a thickened free edge (vocal ligament) extending from the THYROID CARTILAGE to the ARYTENOID CARTILAGE, and a VOCAL MUSCLE that shortens or relaxes the vocal cord to control sound production.
Autoantibodies that bind to the thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor (RECEPTORS, THYROTROPIN) on thyroid epithelial cells. The autoantibodies mimic TSH causing an unregulated production of thyroid hormones characteristic of GRAVES DISEASE.
The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)
An inherited autosomal recessive trait, characterized by peripheral resistance to THYROID HORMONES and the resulting elevation in serum levels of THYROXINE and TRIIODOTHYRONINE. This syndrome is caused by mutations of gene THRB encoding the THYROID HORMONE RECEPTORS BETA in target cells. HYPOTHYROIDISM in these patients is partly overcome by the increased thyroid hormone levels.
Cell surface proteins that bind pituitary THYROTROPIN (also named thyroid stimulating hormone or TSH) and trigger intracellular changes of the target cells. TSH receptors are present in the nervous system and on target cells in the thyroid gland. Autoantibodies to TSH receptors are implicated in thyroid diseases such as GRAVES DISEASE and Hashimoto disease (THYROIDITIS, AUTOIMMUNE).
Diabetes Diabetes Endocrine Obesity Oxycontin Renal Disease Thyroid Disorders Endocrinology is the study of the endocrine glands and the hormones that they secrete (Oxford Medical Dictionary). There are several groups of h...
The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in the neck, just above thecollarbone and is an endocrine gland that make hormones. These Thyroid hormones control the rate of many activities in the body, including how fast the body burns calories and how fast th...
Hearing, auditory perception, or audition is the ability to perceive sound by detecting vibrations, changes in the pressure of the surrounding medium through time, through an organ such as the ear. Sound may be heard through solid, liquid, or gaseous mat...