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The design and simulation of a scalable neural chip with synaptic electronics using nanoscale memristors fully integrated with complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) is presented. The circuit consists of integrate-and-fire neurons and synapses with spike-timing dependent plasticity (STDP). The synaptic conductance values can be stored in memristors with eight levels, and the topology of connections between neurons is reconfigurable. The circuit has been designed using a 90 nm CMOS process with via connections to on-chip post-processed memristor arrays. The design has about 16 million CMOS transistors and 73 728 integrated memristors. We provide circuit level simulations of the entire chip performing neuronal and synaptic computations that result in biologically realistic functional behavior.
HRL Laboratories LLC, Malibu, CA 90265, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Learning in multilayer neural networks (MNNs) relies on continuous updating of large matrices of synaptic weights by local rules. Such locality can be exploited for massive parallelism when implementi...
An ultra-low power CMOS image sensor with on-chip energy harvesting and power management capability is introduced in this paper. The photodiode pixel array can not only capture images but also harvest...
We present a high-voltage CMOS neural-interface chip for a multichannel vestibular prosthesis (MVP) that measures head motion and modulates vestibular nerve activity to restore vision- and posture-sta...
We demonstrate a self-powered chip to detect motion which enables constant, non-invasive monitoring. The chip was implemented in a standard 0.18 μm CMOS process. A P-N junction photodiode array was f...
Seamless and minimally invasive three-dimensional interpenetration of electronics within artificial or natural structures could allow for continuous monitoring and manipulation of their properties. Fl...
The purpose of the study is to assess the efficacy and the safety of Chlorhexidine Gluconate chip (Periochip®) versus Placebo Chip in treatment of symptoms in patients with Peri-Implantit...
The aim of the current study is to evaluate to effectiveness of sperm selection by using fertile chip in unexplained infertile couples on ICSI cycles.
The purpose of the study is to determine whether a DNA chip, designed by Medical Prognosis Institute (MPI), can provide an accurate prognosis for survival of NSCLC (adeno-, squamous and la...
The study examines the effects of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC), the principal active ingredient of cannabis, on neural synchrony. Neural synchrony is studied using electroencepha...
The purpose of this study is to assess neurocognitive and associated neural regions/circuitry disruptions relevant to impulsive relapse in cocaine-addicted subjects, and the relationship o...
The communication from a NEURON to a target (neuron, muscle, or secretory cell) across a SYNAPSE. In chemical synaptic transmission, the presynaptic neuron releases a NEUROTRANSMITTER that diffuses across the synaptic cleft and binds to specific synaptic receptors, activating them. The activated receptors modulate specific ion channels and/or second-messenger systems in the postsynaptic cell. In electrical synaptic transmission, electrical signals are communicated as an ionic current flow across ELECTRICAL SYNAPSES.
An early embryonic developmental process of CHORDATES that is characterized by morphogenic movements of ECTODERM resulting in the formation of the NEURAL PLATE; the NEURAL CREST; and the NEURAL TUBE. Improper closure of the NEURAL GROOVE results in congenital NEURAL TUBE DEFECTS.
The voltages across pre- or post-SYNAPTIC MEMBRANES.
A protein component of the synaptic basal lamina. It has been shown to induce clustering of acetylcholine receptors on the surface of muscle fibers and other synaptic molecules in both synapse regeneration and development.
The two longitudinal ridges along the PRIMITIVE STREAK appearing near the end of GASTRULATION during development of nervous system (NEURULATION). The ridges are formed by folding of NEURAL PLATE. Between the ridges is a neural groove which deepens as the fold become elevated. When the folds meet at midline, the groove becomes a closed tube, the NEURAL TUBE.