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Clinical Value of Conjunctival Allergen Challenge in Diagnosing Allergic Conjunctivitis Related to Latex.

Summary of "Clinical Value of Conjunctival Allergen Challenge in Diagnosing Allergic Conjunctivitis Related to Latex."

Background: The clinical value of conjunctival allergen challenge (CAC) with latex allergen in patients with allergic conjunctivitis remains undefined. The aim of this study was to assess the value of conjunctival allergen challenge with latex extract in a group of patients with latex sensitization and a history of conjunctivitis after contact with latex products. Methods: Fifty patients who had symptoms of conjunctivitis following contact with latex were studied. The control group consisted of 30 subjects without any symptoms of conjunctivitis, negative skin prick test and sIgE <0.35 kU/l for latex. Questionnaires on signs and symptoms, skin prick tests with latex, sIgE and CAC with latex extract were administered. The study was performed at the Department of Allergology of the Medical University of Gdansk in Poland. Results: CAC with latex was positive in 46 patients (92%) and in none of the control group. CAC was the most sensitive diagnostic method (92% sensitivity and 100% specificity). The sensitivity of other methods (skin prick test and sIgE) was lower: 84 and 88%, respectively. Provocation did not induce any serious adverse events. Conclusion: Our study demonstrated the high sensitivity and safety of CAC with the extract of latex allergens in the diagnosis of patients with latex allergy. This method may be considered a diagnostic option in cases with uncertain diagnosis.

Affiliation

Department of Allergology, Medical University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: International archives of allergy and immunology
ISSN: 1423-0097
Pages: 149-154

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Conjunctivitis due to hypersensitivity to various allergens.

Allergic rhinitis that occurs at the same time every year. It is characterized by acute CONJUNCTIVITIS with lacrimation and ITCHING, and regarded as an allergic condition triggered by specific ALLERGENS.

A long-acting, non-sedative antihistaminic used in the treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis, asthma, allergic conjunctivitis, and chronic idiopathic urticaria. The drug is well tolerated and has no anticholinergic side effects.

An infection of the eyes characterized by the presence in conjunctival epithelial cells of inclusion bodies indistinguishable from those of trachoma. It is acquired by infants during birth and by adults from swimming pools. The etiological agent is CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS whose natural habitat appears to be the genito-urinary tract. Inclusion conjunctivitis is a less severe disease than trachoma and usually clears up spontaneously.

Inflammation, often mild, of the conjunctiva caused by a variety of viral agents. Conjunctival involvement may be part of a systemic infection.

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