Resveratrol inhibits NF-kB signaling through suppression of p65 and IkappaB kinase activities.

09:24 EDT 31st July 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Resveratrol inhibits NF-kB signaling through suppression of p65 and IkappaB kinase activities."

Resveratrol has been shown to possess multiple pharmacological activities including anti-tumor, anti-inflammation and immunomodulation, and participates in the regulation of the NF-kappaB signaling pathway. However, the mechanism of the NF-kappaB signaling pathway inhibited by resveratrol remains obscure. In this study, we first examined the effect of resveratrol on endogenous and TNF-alpha-induced NF-kappaB activation, and found that resveratrol suppressed NF-kappaB activation in a dose dependent manner. Resveratrol reduced the transcriptional activity of p65, but neither affected the DNA-binding activity of NF-kappaB nor blocked the nuclear translocation of p65. Moreover, resveratrol had no effect on the expression level of IkappaBalpha protein and inhibited IkappaBalpha degradation. Further investigation revealed that resveratrol blocked the ubiquitination of NEMO and inhibited IkappaB kinase(beta)-mediated NF-kappaB activation. These results demonstrated that resveratrol effectively suppressed NF-kappaB signaling through inhibiting the activities of NF-kappaB and IkappaB kinase. Therefore, resveratrol may provide a novel approach to treating inflammation-associated diseases and cancer.

Affiliation

Department of Biochemistry, College of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-Sen (Zhongshan) University, Guangzhou, China.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Die Pharmazie
ISSN: 0031-7144
Pages: 689-94

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A Janus kinase subtype that is involved in signaling from a broad variety of CYTOKINE RECEPTORS. The TYK2 kinase is considered the founding member of the janus kinase family and was initially discovered as a signaling partner for the INTERFERON ALPHA-BETA RECEPTOR. The kinase has since been shown to signal from several INTERLEUKIN RECEPTORS.

A casein kinase I isoenzyme that plays a role in intracellular signaling pathways including the CELL CYCLE, membrane trafficking, and RNA processing. In DROSOPHILA casein kinase Ialpha has been in regulation of Hedghog and Wingless signaling pathways. Multiple isoforms of casein kinase Ialpha exist and are due ALTERNATIVE SPLICING.

An intracellular signaling system involving the MAP kinase cascades (three-membered protein kinase cascades). Various upstream activators, which act in response to extracellular stimuli, trigger the cascades by activating the first member of a cascade, MAP KINASE KINASE KINASES; (MAPKKKs). Activated MAPKKKs phosphorylate MITOGEN-ACTIVATED PROTEIN KINASE KINASES which in turn phosphorylate the MITOGEN-ACTIVATED PROTEIN KINASES; (MAPKs). The MAPKs then act on various downstream targets to affect gene expression. In mammals, there are several distinct MAP kinase pathways including the ERK (extracellular signal-regulated kinase) pathway, the SAPK/JNK (stress-activated protein kinase/c-jun kinase) pathway, and the p38 kinase pathway. There is some sharing of components among the pathways depending on which stimulus originates activation of the cascade.

An isoflavonoid derived from soy products. It inhibits PROTEIN-TYROSINE KINASE and topoisomerase-II (DNA TOPOISOMERASES, TYPE II); activity and is used as an antineoplastic and antitumor agent. Experimentally, it has been shown to induce G2 PHASE arrest in human and murine cell lines and inhibits PROTEIN-TYROSINE KINASE.

A NOD-signaling adaptor protein that contains a C-terminal leucine-rich domain which recognizes bacterial PEPTIDOGLYCAN. It signals via an N-terminal caspase recruitment domain that interacts with other CARD SIGNALING ADAPTOR PROTEINS such as RIP SERINE-THEONINE KINASES. It plays a role in the host defense response by signaling the activation of CASPASES and the MAP KINASE SIGNALING SYSTEM.


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