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Resveratrol has been shown to possess multiple pharmacological activities including anti-tumor, anti-inflammation and immunomodulation, and participates in the regulation of the NF-kappaB signaling pathway. However, the mechanism of the NF-kappaB signaling pathway inhibited by resveratrol remains obscure. In this study, we first examined the effect of resveratrol on endogenous and TNF-alpha-induced NF-kappaB activation, and found that resveratrol suppressed NF-kappaB activation in a dose dependent manner. Resveratrol reduced the transcriptional activity of p65, but neither affected the DNA-binding activity of NF-kappaB nor blocked the nuclear translocation of p65. Moreover, resveratrol had no effect on the expression level of IkappaBalpha protein and inhibited IkappaBalpha degradation. Further investigation revealed that resveratrol blocked the ubiquitination of NEMO and inhibited IkappaB kinase(beta)-mediated NF-kappaB activation. These results demonstrated that resveratrol effectively suppressed NF-kappaB signaling through inhibiting the activities of NF-kappaB and IkappaB kinase. Therefore, resveratrol may provide a novel approach to treating inflammation-associated diseases and cancer.
Department of Biochemistry, College of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-Sen (Zhongshan) University, Guangzhou, China.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Die Pharmazie
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A suppressor of cytokine signaling protein that consists of an N-terminal kinase-inhibitory region, a central SH2 DOMAIN, a characteristic C-terminal SOCS box (a 40-amino acid motif, which functions to recruit E3 UBIQUITIN-PROTEIN LIGASE COMPLEXES). SOCS3 inhibits cytokine signaling by binding to RECEPTOR PROTEIN-TYROSINE KINASES as well as CYTOKINE RECEPTOR GP130; ERYTHROPOIETIN RECEPTORS; INSULIN RECEPTOR; and the LEPTIN RECEPTOR. Its functions include suppression of ERYTHROPOIESIS in the fetal liver.
A Janus kinase subtype that is involved in signaling from a broad variety of CYTOKINE RECEPTORS. The TYK2 kinase is considered the founding member of the janus kinase family and was initially discovered as a signaling partner for the INTERFERON ALPHA-BETA RECEPTOR. The kinase has since been shown to signal from several INTERLEUKIN RECEPTORS.
A Wnt protein and ligand for FRIZZLED RECEPTORS that may function as an inhibitor or activator of the WNT SIGNALING PATHWAY. For example, it activates signaling in the presence of Frizzled-4 but is inhibitory when coupled with ROR2 TYROSINE KINASE. It is required for axis formation during EMBRYOGENESIS and inhibits the proliferation, migration, and invasiveness of cancer cells.
A casein kinase I isoenzyme that plays a role in intracellular signaling pathways including the CELL CYCLE, membrane trafficking, and RNA processing. In DROSOPHILA casein kinase Ialpha has been in regulation of Hedghog and Wingless signaling pathways. Multiple isoforms of casein kinase Ialpha exist and are due ALTERNATIVE SPLICING.
An intracellular signaling system involving the MAP kinase cascades (three-membered protein kinase cascades). Various upstream activators, which act in response to extracellular stimuli, trigger the cascades by activating the first member of a cascade, MAP KINASE KINASE KINASES; (MAPKKKs). Activated MAPKKKs phosphorylate MITOGEN-ACTIVATED PROTEIN KINASE KINASES which in turn phosphorylate the MITOGEN-ACTIVATED PROTEIN KINASES; (MAPKs). The MAPKs then act on various downstream targets to affect gene expression. In mammals, there are several distinct MAP kinase pathways including the ERK (extracellular signal-regulated kinase) pathway, the SAPK/JNK (stress-activated protein kinase/c-jun kinase) pathway, and the p38 kinase pathway. There is some sharing of components among the pathways depending on which stimulus originates activation of the cascade.
Cytokine Tumour Necrosis Factor (TNF)
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DNA sequencing is the process of determining the precise order of nucleotides within a DNA molecule. During DNA sequencing, the bases of a small fragment of DNA are sequentially identified from signals emitted as each fragment is re-synthesized from a ...