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ABSTRACT SUR2A is an ATP-binding protein that serves as a regulatory subunit of cardioprotective ATP-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP)) channels. Based on signalling pathway regulating SUR2A expression and SUR2A role in regulating numbers of fully assembled K(ATP) channels, we have hypothesised that nicotinamide-rich diet could improve physical endurance by stimulating SUR2A expression. We have found that mice on nicotinamide-rich diet significantly improved physical endurance, which was associated with significant increase in expression of SUR2A. Transgenic mice with solely overexpressed SUR2A on control diet had increased physical endurance in a similar manner as the wild type mice on nicotinamide-rich diet. The experiments focused on action membrane potential and intracellular Ca(2+) concentration have demonstrated that increased SUR2A expression was associated with the activation of sarcolemmal K(ATP) channels and steady Ca(2+) levels in cardiomyocytes in response to beta-adrenergic stimulation. In contrast, the same challenge in the wild type was characterised by a lack of the channel activation and rise in intracellular Ca(2+). Nicotinamide-rich diet was ineffective to increase physical endurance in mice lacking K(ATP) channels. This study has shown that nicotinamide-rich diet improves physical endurance by increasing expression of SUR2A and that this is a sole mechanism of the nicotinamide-rich diet effect. The obtained results suggest that oral nicotinamide is a regulator of SUR2A expression and has a potential as a drug that can improve physical endurance in conditions where this effect would be desirable.
Division of Medical Sciences, Centre for Cardiovascular and Lung Biology, Ninewells Hospital & Medical School, University of Dundee.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of cellular and molecular medicine
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An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN) from nicotinamide and 5-phosphoribosyl-1-pyrophosphate, the rate-limiting step in the biosynthesis of the NAD coenzyme. It is also known as a growth factor for early B-LYMPHOCYTES, or an ADIPOKINE with insulin-mimetic effects (visfatin).
3-Carbamoyl-1-beta-D-ribofuranosyl pyridinium hydroxide-5'phosphate, inner salt. A nucleotide in which the nitrogenous base, nicotinamide, is in beta-N-glycosidic linkage with the C-1 position of D-ribose. Synonyms: Nicotinamide Ribonucleotide; NMN.
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) to NICOTINAMIDE and ADENOSINE DIPHOSPHATE RIBOSE. Some are extracellular (ectoenzymes).The enzyme from some sources also catalyses the hydrolysis of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP).
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