Assessment of JC virus DNA in blood and urine from natalizumab-treated patients.
Summary of "Assessment of JC virus DNA in blood and urine from natalizumab-treated patients."
Analyses were conducted to determine the clinical utility of measuring JC virus (JCV) DNA in blood or urine of natalizumab-treated multiple sclerosis (MS) patients to predict the risk of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML).
A total of 12,850 blood and urine samples from nearly 1,400 patients participating in natalizumab clinical trials were tested for JCV DNA using a commercially available quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assay. A subset of these samples was also tested using a more sensitive qPCR assay developed at the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
At the time natalizumab dosing was suspended, JCV DNA was detected in plasma by the commercial assay in 4 of 1,397 (0.3%) patients; the NIH assay confirmed these positive samples and detected JCV DNA in an additional 2 of 205 (1%) patients who tested negative with the commercial assay. None of these 6 JCV DNA positive patients developed PML. In a 48-week study testing the safety of natalizumab redosing, JCV DNA was detected in plasma of 6 of 1,094 (0.3%) patients, none of whom developed PML. Urine at baseline and week 48 was assessed in 224 patients; 58 (26%) were positive at baseline, and 55 (25%) were positive after 48 weeks of natalizumab, treatment. JCV DNA was not detected in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from any of these 1,094 patients before or after natalizumab treatment. In 5 patients who developed PML, JCV DNA was not detected in blood at any time point before symptoms first occurred.
Measuring JCV DNA in blood or urine with currently available methods is unlikely to be useful for predicting PML risk in natalizumab-treated MS patients. Ann Neurol 2010.
Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Annals of neurology
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS DELTA VIRUS, a defective RNA virus that can only infect HEPATITIS B patients. For its viral coating, hepatitis delta virus requires the HEPATITIS B SURFACE ANTIGENS produced by these patients. Hepatitis D can occur either concomitantly with (coinfection) or subsequent to (superinfection) hepatitis B infection. Similar to hepatitis B, it is primarily transmitted by parenteral exposure, such as transfusion of contaminated blood or blood products, but can also be transmitted via sexual or intimate personal contact.
Infections with POLYOMAVIRUS, which are often cultured from the urine of kidney transplant patients. Excretion of BK VIRUS is associated with ureteral strictures and CYSTITIS, and that of JC VIRUS with progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (LEUKOENCEPHALOPATHY, PROGRESSIVE MULTIFOCAL).
Gb Virus C
A species of virus (unassigned to a genus) in the family FLAVIVIRIDAE. It is genetically heterogeneous, of human origin, and transmitted by blood or blood products. Despite its alternate name (Hepatitis G virus), its pathogenicity remains controversial.
A hematopoietic growth factor which promotes proliferation and maturation of neutrophil granulocytes. Clinically it is effective in decreasing the incidence of febrile neutropenia in patients with non-myeloid malignancies receiving myelosuppressive therapy or in reducing the duration of neutropenia and neutropenia-related clinical sequelae in patients with non-myeloid malignancies undergoing myeloblastive chemotherapy followed by BMT. It has also been used in AIDS patients with CMV retinitis being treated with GANCICLOVIR. (Gelman CR, Rumack BH & Hess AJ (eds): DRUGDEX(R) System. MICROMEDEX, Inc., Englewood, Colorado (Edition expires 11/30/95))
Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.
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