Advertisement

Topics

Face mask ventilation - the dos and don'ts.

08:00 EDT 13th September 2013 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Face mask ventilation - the dos and don'ts."

Face mask ventilation provides respiratory support to newly born or sick infants. It is a challenging technique and difficult to ensure that an appropriate tidal volume is delivered because large and variable leaks occur between the mask and face; airway obstruction may also occur. Technique is more important than the mask shape although the size must appropriately fit the face. The essence of the technique is to roll the mask on to the face from the chin while avoiding the eyes, with a finger and thumb apply a strong even downward pressure to the top of the mask, away from the stem and sloped sides or skirt of the mask, place the other fingers under the jaw and apply a similar upward pressure. Preterm infants require continuous end-expiratory pressure to facilitate lung aeration and maintain lung volume. This is best done with a T-piece device, not a self-inflating or flow-inflating bag.

Affiliation

Department of Neonatal Medicine, James Cook University Hospital, Marton Road, Middlesbrough TS4 3BW, UK. Electronic address: fionawood@nhs.net.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Seminars in fetal & neonatal medicine
ISSN: 1878-0946
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [2274 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Automatic Detection and Parameterization of Manual Bag-Mask Ventilation on Newborns.

Birth asphyxia is a condition where a fetus suffers from lack of oxygen during birth. Intervention by manual ventilation should start within one minute after birth. Bag-mask resuscitators are commonly...

Backward masking vs. common onset masking using two different types of face mask.

Previous research has shown that the shape of a backward masking function depends upon a number of factors, including the structural properties of the mask, and the relative contrast between target an...

ILMA as an Alternative to Face Mask Ventilation in a Case of Nasal Chondrosarcoma.

Intermittent daytime mouthpiece ventilation successfully augments nocturnal non-invasive ventilation, controlling ventilatory failure and maintaining patient independence.

A 53-year-old woman with spinal muscular atrophy and a 7-year history of nocturnal non-invasive ventilation (NIV) use via nasal mask and chinstrap was admitted electively. Outpatient review suggested ...

Fabrication technique for a custom face mask for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea.

The development of the positive airway pressure custom mask (TAP-PAP CM) has changed the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea. The TAP-PAP CM is used in continuous positive airway pressure therapy (CP...

Clinical Trials [1107 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Influence of Neuromuscular Block on Mask Ventilation

Difficult mask ventilation might lead to a life-threatening situation, if endotracheal intubation is also impossible and neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBA) inhibit spontaneous ventilatio...

Randomized Clinical Trial Assessing Laryngeal Mask Airway Versus Face-mask Ventilation in Neonatal Resuscitation

The purpose of this study is to compare the use of a laryngeal mask airway (LMA) vs. face-mask ventilation (FMV) during first-line neonatal resuscitation in Mulago Hospital, Kampala, Ugand...

Assessment of the Effectivity of Total-Face Mask for Noninvasive Ventilation During Acute Respiratory Failure

Total-face mask may improve the efficacy of NIV compared to conventional face mask in patients with acute respiratory failure due to enhanced tolerance and the allowance of higher airway p...

Evaluation Of The Total Face Mask For Emergency Application In Acute Respiratory Failure

The purpose of this study is to compare the Total Face Mask™ (Respironics, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA) (covering whole face) and the standard oronasal facemask (covering nose and mouth) for th...

Evaluation of a Full Face Mask and Headgear for the Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Currently Fisher & Paykel Healthcare (FPH) is developing a new full face mask. The objective of this clinical investigation is to evaluate the usability and acceptance of the investigative...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A type of oropharyngeal airway that provides an alternative to endotracheal intubation and standard mask anesthesia in certain patients. It is introduced into the hypopharynx to form a seal around the larynx thus permitting spontaneous or positive pressure ventilation without penetration of the larynx or esophagus. It is used in place of a facemask in routine anesthesia. The advantages over standard mask anesthesia are better airway control, minimal anesthetic gas leakage, a secure airway during patient transport to the recovery area, and minimal postoperative problems.

Ventilatory support system using frequencies from 60-900 cycles/min or more. Three types of systems have been distinguished on the basis of rates, volumes, and the system used. They are high frequency positive-pressure ventilation (HFPPV); HIGH-FREQUENCY JET VENTILATION; (HFJV); and high-frequency oscillation (HFO).

Techniques for effecting the transition of the respiratory-failure patient from mechanical ventilation to spontaneous ventilation, while meeting the criteria that tidal volume be above a given threshold (greater than 5 ml/kg), respiratory frequency be below a given count (less than 30 breaths/min), and oxygen partial pressure be above a given threshold (PaO2 greater than 50mm Hg). Weaning studies focus on finding methods to monitor and predict the outcome of mechanical ventilator weaning as well as finding ventilatory support techniques which will facilitate successful weaning. Present methods include intermittent mandatory ventilation, intermittent positive pressure ventilation, and mandatory minute volume ventilation.

Ventilation of the middle ear in the treatment of secretory (serous) otitis media, usually by placement of tubes or grommets which pierce the tympanic membrane.

Respiratory support system used primarily with rates of about 100 to 200/min with volumes of from about one to three times predicted anatomic dead space. Used to treat respiratory failure and maintain ventilation under severe circumstances.

Quick Search
Advertisement
 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Respiratory
Asthma COPD Cystic Fibrosis Pneumonia Pulmonary Medicine Respiratory Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are any infection of the sinuses, throat, airways or lungs.  They're usually caused by viruses, but they can also ...

Ophthalmology
Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that is devoted to the study and treatment of eye diseases. As well as mild visual defects correctable by lenses, ophthalmology is concerned with glaucoma, uveitis and other serious conditions affecting the eye, ...

Pulmonary
Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza,  Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...


Searches Linking to this Article