Cystoid Macular Edema Secondary to Fluconazole Toxicity.
Summary of "Cystoid Macular Edema Secondary to Fluconazole Toxicity."
Fluconazole is an antifungal commonly used to treat Coccidioides immitis, but this medication has a number of side effects including fatigue, rash, headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and elevated liver enzymes. We are unaware of any cases of retinal toxicity related to fluconazole. In this case we present a 76 year old woman with longstanding Coccidioides treated with high dose fluconazole. She becomes symptomatic with fluconazole toxicity and subsequently develops bilateral cystoid macular edema. As her dose of fluconazole is decreased and she is transitioned to voriconazole the edema resolves and her visual acuity improves. This patient's clinical course illustrates retinal toxicity may present with high and prolonged doses of fluconazole.
Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Ocular immunology and inflammation
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20735297
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/09273948.2010.507320
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Fluid accumulation in the outer layer of the MACULA LUTEA that results from intraocular or systemic insults. It may develop in a diffuse pattern where the macula appears thickened or it may acquire the characteristic petaloid appearance referred to as cystoid macular edema. Although macular edema may be associated with various underlying conditions, it is most commonly seen following intraocular surgery, venous occlusive disease, DIABETIC RETINOPATHY, and posterior segment inflammatory disease. (From Survey of Ophthalmology 2004; 49(5) 470-90)
A form of MACULAR DEGENERATION also known as dry macular degeneration marked by occurrence of a well-defined progressive lesion or atrophy in the central part of the RETINA called the MACULA LUTEA. It is distinguishable from WET MACULAR DEGENERATION in that the latter involves neovascular exudates.
Specialized ophthalmic technique used in the surgical repair and or treatment of disorders that include retinal tears or detachment; MACULAR HOLES; hereditary retinal disease; AIDS-related retinal infections; ocular tumors; MACULAR DEGENERATION; DIABETIC RETINOPATHY; and UVEITIS.
Triazole antifungal agent that is used to treat oropharyngeal candidiasis and cryptococcal meningitis in AIDS.
Pathological processes of the KIDNEY without inflammatory or neoplastic components. Nephrosis may be a primary disorder or secondary complication of other diseases. It is characterized by the NEPHROTIC SYNDROME indicating the presence of PROTEINURIA and HYPOALBUMINEMIA with accompanying EDEMA.
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