Surgical treatment of Achilles tendon rupture.
Summary of "Surgical treatment of Achilles tendon rupture."
The open tendon suture is the most commonly used method of treatment for Achilles tendon rupture in Germany. Over the last decade the therapeutic spectrum of operative methods has been further enlarged by the development of new minimally invasive surgical techniques. Important criteria for planning treatment are the location and age of the rupture and comorbidities. For recent Achilles tendon ruptures minimally invasive suturing is indicated but for older ruptures a reconstruction often has to be carried out. The decisive disadvantage of an open tendon suture is the relatively high risk of infection. Using minimally invasive surgical techniques the frequency of postoperative infection could be significantly reduced. The suture methods without opening the ruptured region can be collectively grouped under the term percutaneous suture techniques and the minimally invasive methods with opening of the rupture region as combined open percutaneous techniques. Documented problems with the Ma-Griffith technique, such as injury of the sural nerve, low stability of the suture and insufficient adaption of the tendon stumps have been minimized by new minimally invasive operation techniques. Achilles tendon ruptures which nearly always arise without any external influence or accidents can have substantial psychological consequences regarding the integrity of one's own body especially for people actively engaged in sport. This aspect should be considered and accepted in particular during postoperative treatment.
Klinik für Unfall- und Wiederherstellungschirurgie, Universitätsklinikum "Carl Gustav Carus", Technische Universität Dresden, Fetscherstr. 74, 01309, Dresden, Deutschland, Michael.Amlang@uniklinikum-dresden.de.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Der Unfallchirurg
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20740268
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00113-010-1809-5
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Inflammation of the synovial lining of a tendon sheath. Causes include trauma, tendon stress, bacterial disease (gonorrhea, tuberculosis), rheumatic disease, and gout. Common sites are the hand, wrist, shoulder capsule, hip capsule, hamstring muscles, and Achilles tendon. The tendon sheaths become inflamed and painful, and accumulate fluid. Joint mobility is usually reduced.
Surgical procedure by which a tendon is incised at its insertion and placed at an anatomical site distant from the original insertion. The tendon remains attached at the point of origin and takes over the function of a muscle inactivated by trauma or disease.
Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction
A condition characterized by a broad range of progressive disorders ranging from TENOSYNOVITIS to tendon rupture with or without hindfoot collapse to a fixed, rigid, FLATFOOT deformity. Pathologic changes can involve associated tendons, ligaments, joint structures of the ANKLE, hindfoot, and midfoot. Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction is the most common cause of acquired flatfoot deformity in adults.
Bone-patellar Tendon-bone Graft
Fixation of the ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT, during surgical reconstruction, by the use of a bone- patellar tendon autograft.
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