Spontaneous Regression of Highly Immunogenic Molluscum contagiosum Virus (MCV)-Induced Skin Lesions Is Associated with Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cells and IFN-DC Infiltration.
Summary of "Spontaneous Regression of Highly Immunogenic Molluscum contagiosum Virus (MCV)-Induced Skin Lesions Is Associated with Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cells and IFN-DC Infiltration."
Molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV) infection induces self-limiting cutaneous lesions in an immunocompetent host that can undergo spontaneous regression preceded by local inflammation. On histology, a large majority of MCV-induced lesions are characterized by islands of hyperplastic epithelium containing infected keratinocytes and surrounded by scarce inflammatory infiltrate. However, spontaneous regression has been associated with the occurrence of a dense inflammatory reaction. By histology and immunohistochemistry, we identified MCV-induced lesions showing a dense inflammatory infiltrate associated with cell death in keratinocytes (inflammatory Molluscum contagiosum (I-MC)). In I-MC, hyperplastic keratinocytes were highly immunogenic as demonstrated by the expression of major histocompatibility complex class I and II molecules. Immune cell infiltration consisted of numerous cytotoxic T cells admixed with natural killer cells and plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDCs). Accordingly, a type I IFN signature associated with PDC infiltration was demonstrated in both keratinocytes and inflammatory cells. Among the latter, a cell population resembling IFN-DC (CD123(+)CD11c(+)CD16(+)CD14(+)MxA(+)) was identified in proximity to islands of apoptotic keratinocytes. In vitro-generated IFN-DCs expressed a strong cytotoxic signature, as demonstrated by high levels of tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) and Fas ligand (FasL). This study establishes a previously unreported model to underpin the role of innate immune cells in viral immune surveillance.Journal of Investigative Dermatology advance online publication, 26 August 2010; doi:10.1038/jid.2010.256.
Department of Pathology, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Journal of investigative dermatology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20739948
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/jid.2010.256
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A common, benign, usually self-limited viral infection of the skin and occasionally the conjunctivae by a poxvirus (MOLLUSCUM CONTAGIOSUM VIRUS). (Dorland, 27th ed)
Molluscum Contagiosum Virus
A species of MOLLUSCIPOXVIRUS causing skin lesions in humans. It is transmitted by direct contact or from non-living reservoirs (fomites), such as books or clothing.
A genus of POXVIRIDAE, subfamily CHORDOPOXVIRINAE, infecting humans. Transmission is by direct contact among children, by sexual contact among young adults, or by fomites. MOLLUSCUM CONTAGIOSUM VIRUS is the type species.
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