18F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography before, during and after treatment in mature T/NK lymphomas: a study from the GOELAMS group.
Summary of "18F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography before, during and after treatment in mature T/NK lymphomas: a study from the GOELAMS group."
In non-cutaneous T-cell/natural killer (T/NK) lymphomas, the prognostic value of (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) during or after therapy is unknown. PATIENTS AND
In this retrospective study, 54 T/NK lymphoma patients were assessed using FDG-PET before (n = 40), during (n = 44) and/or after therapy (n = 31).
FDG-PET showed an abnormal FDG uptake in all cases. Interim FDG-PET was negative in 25 of 44 cases. After completion of therapy, 19 of 31 patients reached complete remission with negative FDG-PET. In ALK+ anaplastic large cell lymphomas, the 4-year progression-free survival (PFS) was 80% and the negative predictive value of post-therapy FDG-PET was 83% (n = 9). In ALK- T/NK lymphomas, the 4-year PFS was 59% for patients with a negative interim FDG-PET versus 46% for patients with a positive interim FDG-PET (P = 0.28, n = 35). Similarly, there was no statistical difference in 4-year PFS between negative and positive post-therapy FDG-PET in these lymphomas (51% and 67%, respectively, P = 0.96). The 4-year cumulative incidence of relapse from a negative post-therapy FDG-PET was 53% in ALK- T/NK lymphomas.
Although T/NK lymphomas are FDG-avid at diagnosis, a negative interim or post-therapy FDG-PET does not translate into an improved PFS in ALK- T/NK lymphomas.
Department of Hematology.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology / ESMO
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20739714
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annonc/mdq415
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
An imaging technique using compounds labelled with short-lived positron-emitting radionuclides (such as carbon-11, nitrogen-13, oxygen-15 and fluorine-18) to measure cell metabolism. It has been useful in study of soft tissues such as CANCER; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; and brain. SINGLE-PHOTON EMISSION-COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY is closely related to positron emission tomography, but uses isotopes with longer half-lives and resolution is lower.
A method of computed tomography that uses radionuclides which emit a single photon of a given energy. The camera is rotated 180 or 360 degrees around the patient to capture images at multiple positions along the arc. The computer is then used to reconstruct the transaxial, sagittal, and coronal images from the 3-dimensional distribution of radionuclides in the organ. The advantages of SPECT are that it can be used to observe biochemical and physiological processes as well as size and volume of the organ. The disadvantage is that, unlike positron-emission tomography where the positron-electron annihilation results in the emission of 2 photons at 180 degrees from each other, SPECT requires physical collimation to line up the photons, which results in the loss of many available photons and hence degrades the image.
The compound is given by intravenous injection to do POSITRON-EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY for the assessment of cerebral and myocardial glucose metabolism in various physiological or pathological states including stroke and myocardial ischemia. It is also employed for the detection of malignant tumors including those of the brain, liver, and thyroid gland. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1162)
The creation of a visual display of the inside of the entire body of a human or animal for the purposes of diagnostic evaluation. This is most commonly achieved by using MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; or POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY.
Tomography using radioactive emissions from injected RADIONUCLIDES and computer ALGORITHMS to reconstruct an image.