Explaining the Effect of Education on Health: A Field Study in Ghana.
Summary of "Explaining the Effect of Education on Health: A Field Study in Ghana."
Higher education (or more years of formal schooling) is widely associated with better health, but the underlying causes of this association are unclear. In this study, we tested our schooling-decision-making model, which posits that formal education fosters intellectual ability, which in turn provides individuals with enduring competencies to support better health-related behaviors. Using data from a field study on formal education in 181 adults in rural Ghana, we examined health-protective behaviors related to HIV/AIDS infection, a critical health issue in Ghana. As expected, individuals with more education practiced more protective health behaviors. Our structural equation modeling analysis showed that cognitive abilities, numeracy, and decision-making abilities increased with exposure to schooling, and that these enhanced abilities (and not HIV/AIDS knowledge) mediated the effects of education on health-protective behavior. Research and policy implications for HIV prevention efforts in sub-Saharan Africa are discussed.
1The Ohio State University.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Psychological science : a journal of the American Psychological Society / APS
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20739672
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0956797610381506
This survey provides data on the Mental Health System in Ghana for the year 2011. It supplies essential planning information for the implementation of Ghana's new Mental Health Act 846 of 2012, a rene...
BackgroundEmpowerment among women in the context of a romantic relationship may affect the use of reproductive healthcare services; however, current literature examining this association is limited an...
We investigate the causal effect of education on health and the part of it that is attributable to health behaviors by distinguishing between short-run and long-run mediating effects: whereas, in the ...
The health-care system in Ghana is similar to those in other developing countries and access to health services for remote communities is extremely limited. In July, 2010, the Government of Ghana laun...
Research on homeless youth has shown that this population is at high risk for various mental health problems. Previous studies conducted among homeless young adults in Ghana have focused primarily on ...
The Hunger Project/Epicenter strategy is a community based development strategy that will positively affect health, education, empowerment, and consumption.
Malaria is a sickness passed from one person to the other by the bite of a mosquito. In areas of frequent malaria infection, children may develop natural protection against malaria and the...
The purpose of this study to determine whether Aquatabs, a water treatment tablet, reduces diarrheal diseases in a peri-urban population of Tamale, Ghana.
The purpose of this study is to assess the effect of two different types of health education programs on the disability, beliefs related to low back pain and duration of sick leave in pati...
Patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (heart-burn, acid regurgitation)may benefit from an educational program explaining the medical aspects of the disease, self-management strateg...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Education centers authorized by the Comprehensive Health Manpower Training Act, 1971, for the training of health personnel in areas where health needs are the greatest. May be used for centers other than those established by the United States act.
Identifies, for study and analysis, important issues and problems that relate to health and medicine. The Institute initiates and conducts studies of national policy and planning for health care and health-related education and research; it also responds to requests from the federal government and other agencies for studies and advice.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.
Education and training in PUBLIC HEALTH for the practice of the profession.