Aortic arch replacement and elephant trunk procedure: an intersisciplinary approach to surgical reconstruction, perfusion stategies and blood management.

06:00 EDT 27th August 2010 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Aortic arch replacement and elephant trunk procedure: an intersisciplinary approach to surgical reconstruction, perfusion stategies and blood management."

Surgical treatment of patients who present with large aneurysms of the ascending aorta, transverse arch and descending aorta, including the thoracic and abdominal aorta typically consists of a two-staged elephant trunk procedure. Typically, these operations are lengthy, requiring long cardiopulmonary bypass times, deep hypothermic circulatory arrest and multiple anastamotic suture lines, which increases the risks for coagulopathic bleeding and the need for massive transfusions. The purpose of this report is to describe our approach, involving advanced surgical techniques and the innovative perfusion considerations as well as modified blood management strategies to minimize perioperative blood loss and the need for transfusions. All of the above will highlight critical cardiac team communications. An ever-evolving case requires forward thinking, revised judgments, open discussion and the continued involvement of all team members. In turn, this ensures evidence-based medical and perfusion practices that lead to achieving a positive peri-operative course, with optimal blood conservation.


Clinical Perfusion Services, London Health Sciences Centre, London, Ontario, Canada.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Perfusion
ISSN: 1477-111X


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [14306 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Repair of distal aortic arch aneurysms by left subclavian artery transposition with stented elephant trunk implantation.

Repair of distal aortic arch aneurysms remains technically challenging using conventional open surgery due to its location. Several techniques, including a conventional prosthetic graft replacement an...

Surgical management of acute type A aortic dissection: branch-first arch replacement with total aortic repair.

Acute type A dissection (ATAAD) remains a morbid condition with reported surgical mortality as high as 25%. We describe our surgical approach to ATAAD and discuss the indications for adjunct technique...

Repair of Complicated Chronic Type B Dissection with Distal Aortic Arch Involvement Using Left Subclavian Artery Transposition with Implantation of a Stented Elephant Trunk.

Background Optimal management of complicated chronic type B dissection with involvement of the distal aortic arch is controversial. Late complications related to thoracic endovascular aortic repair ...

Straight incision for extended descending and thoracoabdominal aortic replacement: novel and simple exposure with rib-cross thoracotomy.

Spiral incision of the thoracic wall towards the tip of a scapula and approach through the sixth intercostal space has been a standard method for the replacement of thoracoabdominal and descending aor...

Hemiarch versus total aortic arch replacement in acute type A dissection: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Despite recent advances in aortic surgery, acute type A aortic dissection remains a surgical emergency associated with high mortality and morbidity. Appropriate management is crucial to achieve satisf...

Clinical Trials [4142 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Neurologic Injury Following Aortic Arch Replacement

Investigators are seeking to learn how well different cooling temperatures along with different blood flow pathways to the brain reduce the risk of injury to the brain in participants plan...

Triple-branch Stent Graft Placement and Total-arch Replacement for the Treatment of Acute DeBakey I Aortic Dissection

The purpose of this study is to compare triple-branched stent placement with total-arch replacement in the treatment of acute DeBakey I aortic dissection . The investigators design optimal...

Evaluation of the GORE® TAG® Thoracic Branch Endoprosthesis (TBE Device) in the Treatment of Lesions of the Aortic Arch and Descending Thoracic Aorta (Zone 0/1)

The objective of this study is to determine whether the GORE® TAG® Thoracic Branch Endoprosthesis is safe and effective in treating lesions of the aortic arch and descending thoracic aor...

Aortic Arch Related Cerebral Hazard Trial (ARCH)

The ARCH is a controlled trial with a sequential design and with a prospective, randomized, open-label, blinded-endpoint (PROBE) methodology. The objective is to compare the efficacy and t...

Autologous Platelet-rich Plasma (aPRP) for Complex Aortic Arch Surgerymacrovascular Operation

Perioperative blood loss continues to be a serious problem in complex aortic arch surgery using deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA). Major blood loss causes increased morbidity and ...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A cardiovascular procedure performed to create a blood supply to the PULMONARY CIRCULATION. It involves making a connection between the subclavian, or carotid branch of the AORTA, or the AORTIC ARCH to the PULMONARY ARTERY.

The first and largest artery branching from the aortic arch. It distributes blood to the right side of the head and neck and to the right arm.

Small clusters of chemoreceptive and supporting cells located near the ARCH OF THE AORTA; the PULMONARY ARTERIES; and the coronary arteries. The aortic bodies sense PH; CARBON DIOXIDE; and oxygen concentrations in the BLOOD and participate in the control of RESPIRATION. The aortic bodies should not be confused with the PARA-AORTIC BODIES in the abdomen (which are sometimes also called aortic bodies).

A birth defect characterized by the narrowing of the AORTA that can be of varying degree and at any point from the transverse arch to the iliac bifurcation. Aortic coarctation causes arterial HYPERTENSION before the point of narrowing and arterial HYPOTENSION beyond the narrowed portion.

Small masses of chromaffin cells found near the SYMPATHETIC GANGLIA along the ABDOMINAL AORTA, beginning cranial to the superior mesenteric artery (MESENTERIC ARTERY, SUPERIOR) or renal arteries and extending to the level of the aortic bifurcation or just beyond. They are also called the organs of Zuckerkandl and sometimes called aortic bodies (not to be confused with AORTIC BODIES in the THORAX). The para-aortic bodies are the dominant source of CATECHOLAMINES in the FETUS and normally regress after BIRTH.

Quick Search

DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...

Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...