Aortic arch replacement and elephant trunk procedure: an intersisciplinary approach to surgical reconstruction, perfusion stategies and blood management.

06:00 EDT 27th August 2010 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Aortic arch replacement and elephant trunk procedure: an intersisciplinary approach to surgical reconstruction, perfusion stategies and blood management."

Surgical treatment of patients who present with large aneurysms of the ascending aorta, transverse arch and descending aorta, including the thoracic and abdominal aorta typically consists of a two-staged elephant trunk procedure. Typically, these operations are lengthy, requiring long cardiopulmonary bypass times, deep hypothermic circulatory arrest and multiple anastamotic suture lines, which increases the risks for coagulopathic bleeding and the need for massive transfusions. The purpose of this report is to describe our approach, involving advanced surgical techniques and the innovative perfusion considerations as well as modified blood management strategies to minimize perioperative blood loss and the need for transfusions. All of the above will highlight critical cardiac team communications. An ever-evolving case requires forward thinking, revised judgments, open discussion and the continued involvement of all team members. In turn, this ensures evidence-based medical and perfusion practices that lead to achieving a positive peri-operative course, with optimal blood conservation.


Clinical Perfusion Services, London Health Sciences Centre, London, Ontario, Canada.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Perfusion
ISSN: 1477-111X


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A cardiovascular procedure performed to create a blood supply to the PULMONARY CIRCULATION. It involves making a connection between the subclavian, or carotid branch of the AORTA, or the AORTIC ARCH to the PULMONARY ARTERY.

The first and largest artery branching from the aortic arch. It distributes blood to the right side of the head and neck and to the right arm.

Small clusters of chemoreceptive and supporting cells located near the ARCH OF THE AORTA; the PULMONARY ARTERIES; and the coronary arteries. The aortic bodies sense PH; CARBON DIOXIDE; and oxygen concentrations in the BLOOD and participate in the control of RESPIRATION. The aortic bodies should not be confused with the PARA-AORTIC BODIES in the abdomen (which are sometimes also called aortic bodies).

A birth defect characterized by the narrowing of the AORTA that can be of varying degree and at any point from the transverse arch to the iliac bifurcation. Aortic coarctation causes arterial HYPERTENSION before the point of narrowing and arterial HYPOTENSION beyond the narrowed portion.

Small masses of chromaffin cells found near the SYMPATHETIC GANGLIA along the ABDOMINAL AORTA, beginning cranial to the superior mesenteric artery (MESENTERIC ARTERY, SUPERIOR) or renal arteries and extending to the level of the aortic bifurcation or just beyond. They are also called the organs of Zuckerkandl and sometimes called aortic bodies (not to be confused with AORTIC BODIES in the THORAX). The para-aortic bodies are the dominant source of CATECHOLAMINES in the FETUS and normally regress after BIRTH.


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