Advertisement

Topics

The Importance of Coping, Threat Appraisal, and Beliefs in Understanding and Responding to Fear of Victimization: Applications to a Male Prisoner Sample.

06:00 EDT 16th July 2010 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "The Importance of Coping, Threat Appraisal, and Beliefs in Understanding and Responding to Fear of Victimization: Applications to a Male Prisoner Sample."

The current study explores conceptualizations of victimization by men, focusing on threat appraisal, coping appraisal, and beliefs, and seeking to apply protection motivation theory, the applied fear response model, and social cognition. Five hundred and sixty-six male prisoners, comprising adults and adolescents, completed a measure of victimization and perpetration (DIPC-SCALED) and of fear, appraisal, and beliefs (TAB). It was predicted that increased threat appraisal and ineffective coping appraisal would predict increased fear of victimization, particularly among the mutual perpetrator/victim group. This group was expected to select strategies for managing the threat of victimization, which carried more risk to them (e.g., such as an aggressive reaction) and to present with beliefs supporting the use of aggression as a response to victimization. Fear of victimization was predicted by threat and coping appraisal although the deficit for victims appeared in coping appraisal only. Mutual perpetrator/victims presented with a specific difficulty in appraising their ability to cope with threat. Differences in beliefs supporting an aggressive response to threat were also noted across perpetrator and/or victimization groups. The article concludes by outlining the implications for theory and clinical practice.

Affiliation

School of Psychology, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, Lancashire, PR1 2HE, UK, JLIreland1@uclan.ac.uk.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Law and human behavior
ISSN: 1573-661X
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [13231 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Judged effectiveness of threat and coping appraisal anti-speeding messages.

Using a young driver sample, this experimental study sought to identify which combinations of threat-appraisal (TA) and coping-appraisal (CA) messages derived from protection motivation theory (PMT) p...

Nothing is safe: Intolerance of uncertainty is associated with compromised fear extinction learning.

Extinction-resistant fear is considered to be a central feature of pathological anxiety. Here we sought to determine if individual differences in Intolerance of Uncertainty (IU), a potential risk fact...

Appraisal in a Team Context: Perceptions of Cohesion Predict Competition Importance and Prospects for Coping.

Athletes' precompetitive appraisal is important because it determines emotions, which may impact performance. When part of a team, athletes make their appraisal within a social context, and in this st...

The role of appraisal and coping style in relation with societal participation in fatigued patients with multiple sclerosis: a cross-sectional multiple mediator analysis.

To determine the relationship between appraisal and societal participation in fatigued patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS), and whether this relation is mediated by coping styles. 265 severely-fatig...

Fearing shades of grey: individual differences in fear responding towards generalisation stimuli.

Individual differences in fear generalisation have been proposed to play a role in the aetiology and/or maintenance of anxiety disorders, but few data are available to directly support that claim. The...

Clinical Trials [1997 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Threat-Avoidance Learning in Anxiety Patients

Anxiety disorders are characterized by exaggerated levels of fear that are not proportional to the actual level of threat. More specifically, anxiety patients have marked deficits in the d...

Validation of a Scale of Self-assessment of Fear Faces in Children 4 to 12 Years

Since the 2000s, the experiences of children and especially their fear during a consultation, a treatment or examination is food for thought in our establishment. There is no tool validate...

Stress and Clinical Reasoning in Medical Students

Solving a problem in ambulatory setting may contain peripheral stress due to socio-evaluative stressors (patient's expectations about explanations) and task contingent stress due to time p...

Fear Potentiation and Fear Inhibition in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

The current study will investigate the ability of people with and without fear symptoms after trauma to inhibit fear in an experimental situation.

Cannabinoid Control of Fear Extinction Neural Circuits in Humans

The goal of the current proposal is to investigate the effects of a cannabinoid drug on the memory of extinguished fear in humans and the brain circuitry important for the recall of extinc...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The act or fact of grasping the meaning, nature, or importance of; understanding. (American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed) Includes understanding by a patient or research subject of information disclosed orally or in writing.

Anxiety disorders in which the essential feature is persistent and irrational fear of a specific object, activity, or situation that the individual feels compelled to avoid. The individual recognizes the fear as excessive or unreasonable.

A type of anxiety disorder characterized by unexpected panic attacks that last minutes or, rarely, hours. Panic attacks begin with intense apprehension, fear or terror and, often, a feeling of impending doom. Symptoms experienced during a panic attack include dyspnea or sensations of being smothered; dizziness, loss of balance or faintness; choking sensations; palpitations or accelerated heart rate; shakiness; sweating; nausea or other form of abdominal distress; depersonalization or derealization; paresthesias; hot flashes or chills; chest discomfort or pain; fear of dying and fear of not being in control of oneself or going crazy. Agoraphobia may also develop. Similar to other anxiety disorders, it may be inherited as an autosomal dominant trait.

Appraisal of one's own personal qualities or traits.

Appraisal of one's own personal qualities or traits.

Quick Search
Advertisement
 


DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article