Dangerous liaisons in prostate cancer : Clinical and biological implications of recurrent gene fusions.
Summary of "Dangerous liaisons in prostate cancer : Clinical and biological implications of recurrent gene fusions."
Prostate cancer is a common and clinically heterogeneous disease. Understanding the biology of prostate cancer is necessary to best determinate the risk of disease progression and develop novel therapeutic approaches to prevent or slow down disease progression. The recent discovery and subsequent characterization of recurrent gene rearrangements of ETS genes - most frequently ERG - in the majority of prostate cancers is a milestone in translational prostate cancer research. Although multiple molecular alterations have been detected in prostate cancer, a detailed understanding of gene fusion in prostate cancer should help explain the clinical and biologic diversity in addition to providing a rationale for a molecular sub-classification of the disease. This review describes the path from the identification of common ETS gene rearrangements in prostate cancer to possible applications in the treatment of patients, on to the potential scientific implications arising from their discovery.
Institut für Pathologie, Comprehensive Cancer Center, Universitätsklinikum Tübingen, Liebermeisterstr. 8, 72076, Tübingen, Deutschland, email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Der Pathologe
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20798944
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00292-010-1345-7
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A glycoprotein that is a kallikrein-like serine proteinase and an esterase, produced by epithelial cells of both normal and malignant prostate tissue. It is an important marker for the diagnosis of prostate cancer.
A synthetic retinoid that is used orally as a chemopreventive against prostate cancer and in women at risk of developing contralateral breast cancer. It is also effective as an antineoplastic agent.
Ultrasound, High-intensity Focused, Transrectal
Tissue ablation of the PROSTATE performed by ultrasound from a transducer placed in the RECTUM. The procedure is used to treat prostate cancer (PROSTATIC NEOPLASMS) and benign prostatic hypertrophy (PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA).
Prostatic Secretory Proteins
Proteins secreted by the prostate gland. The major secretory proteins from the human prostate gland include PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN, prostate-specific acid phosphatase, prostate-specific membrane antigen, and prostate-specific protein-94.
Tumors or cancer of the PROSTATE.
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