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Preterm birth is the major maternal-child health issue across developed nations and the leading cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity. Of all deaths of infants <1year of age in the United States in 2005, 68.6% occurred in infants born prior to term. Although the preterm birth rate in European countries is 5-7%, the U.S. preterm birth rate is 12.7%, representing an increase of 9% since 2000. Antepartum bed rest/activity restriction (ABR/AR) has been a mainstay of treatment to prevent preterm birth for the past 30 years prescribed for nearly 1 million women in the United States annually, despite a lack of evidence for its effectiveness. In fact, there is increasing evidence that ABR causes several adverse physiologic and psychological side effects among women and their infants. Unfortunately, these findings have had little impact on clinical practice. This integrative review of literature provides a comprehensive analysis of the evidence for the practice of prescribing ABR and its physiologic, behavioral, and experiential side effects. It also presents a model to guide continuing research about the effects of maternal bed rest as well as evidence supporting the use of home care with bed rest, a different, safe, and feasible model of prenatal care for treating women with pregnancy complications used particularly in other countries. Finally, suggestions to improve the health of high-risk pregnant and postpartum women and their infants are provided.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Biological research for nursing
Cervical cerclage is a well-known surgical procedure carried out during pregnancy. It involves positioning of a suture (stitch) around the neck of the womb (cervix), aiming to give mechanical support ...
Use of narcotic or "recreational" drugs has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes such as preterm delivery. However, the associations might be confounded by other factors related to high-ris...
Enoxaparin is widely used during pregnancy as pregnancy is a hypercoagulable state; however, its fetal safety has scarcely been investigated.
This prospective cohort study aimed to evaluate the role of premature placental calcification in adverse pregnancy outcomes and identify its associated potential risk factors. We consecutively enrolle...
Purpose To examine whether maternal cancer during pregnancy is associated with increased risks of stillbirth and infant mortality. Methods On the basis of nationwide health registers, we conducted a s...
The prediction of preterm birth is beneficial because it initiates early treatment to minimize risk. It defines a population at risk to provide particular treatment and may lead us to a be...
The purpose of this study is to determine if (recurrent) cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection of the mother results in pregnancy complications such as preterm delivery, severe preeclampsia, poo...
Annually in the U.S 300,000 neonates are born late preterm, defined as 34 weeks 0 days - 36 weeks 6 days. The Antenatal Late Preterm Steroids (ALPS) Trial demonstrated that maternal treatm...
The purpose of this study is to determine if detection of cytomegalovirus (CMV) in amniotic fluid collected in the second trimester of pregnancy is associated with pregnancy complications ...
Preterm birth is the leading cause of neonatal death and a significant cause of life long disability and health problems. It has been shown that the drug 17-hydroxyprogesterone caproate ca...
Round-shaped structure usually located in the upper fundus of the UTERUS in early pregnancy. It comprises EMBRYO; AMNIOTIC FLUID; and YOLK SAC. It is visible in PRENATAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY by the fifth week of pregnancy. Its size is often used to determine and monitor GESTATIONAL AGE; FETAL GROWTH; and PREGNANCY COMPLICATIONS.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and NEOPLASMS. The neoplastic disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and parasitic diseases. The parasitic infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
Obstetrics and gynaecology
Fertility Menopause Obstetrics & Gynaecology Osteoporosis Women's Health Obstetrics and gynaecology comprises the care of the pregnant woman, her unborn child and the management of diseases specific to women. Most consultant...
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...