Stem cells and the repair of radiation-induced salivary gland damage.

08:24 EDT 4th September 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Stem cells and the repair of radiation-induced salivary gland damage."

Oral Diseases (2010) doi: 10.1111/j.1601-0825.2010.01723.x Hyposalivation underlying xerostomia after radiotherapy is still a major problem in the treatment of head and neck cancer. Stem cell therapy may provide a means to reduce radiation-induced hyposalivation and improve the quality of life of patients. This review discusses the current status in salivary gland stem cell research with respect to their potential to attenuate salivary gland dysfunction. Knowledge on the embryonic development, homeostasis and regeneration after atrophy of the salivary glands has provided important knowledge on the location of the salivary gland as well as on the factors that influence proliferation and differentiation. This knowledge has helped to locate, isolate and characterize cell populations that contain the salivary gland stem cell, although the exact tissue stem cell is still unidentified. The role that stem/progenitor cells play in the response to radiation and the factors that can influence stem/progenitor induced proliferation and differentiation are discussed. Finally, the mobilization and transplantation of stem cells and supportive cells and their potential to attenuate radiation-induced salivary gland damage are discussed. Based on the major advances made in the field of stem cell research, stem cell-based therapy has great potential to allow prevention or treatment of radiation-induced hyposalivation.

Affiliation

Department of Cell Biology, Section Radiation & Stress Cell Biology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Oral diseases
ISSN: 1601-0825
Pages:

Links

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Calculi occurring in a salivary gland. Most salivary gland calculi occur in the submandibular gland, but can also occur in the parotid gland and in the sublingual and minor salivary glands.

A benign, slow-growing tumor, most commonly of the salivary gland, occurring as a small, painless, firm nodule, usually of the parotid gland, but also found in any major or accessory salivary gland anywhere in the oral cavity. It is most often seen in women in the fifth decade. Histologically, the tumor presents a variety of cells: cuboidal, columnar, and squamous cells, showing all forms of epithelial growth. (Dorland, 27th ed)

The malignant stem cells of TERATOCARCINOMAS, which resemble pluripotent stem cells of the BLASTOCYST INNER CELL MASS. The EC cells can be grown in vitro, and experimentally induced to differentiate. They are used as a model system for studying early embryonic cell differentiation.

Glands that secrete SALIVA in the MOUTH. There are three pairs of salivary glands (PAROTID GLAND; SUBLINGUAL GLAND; SUBMANDIBULAR GLAND).

Cells from adult organisms that have been reprogrammed into a pluripotential state similar to that of EMBRYONIC STEM CELLS.


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