The emotional paradox: dissociation between explicit and implicit processing of emotional prosody in schizophrenia.

Summary of "The emotional paradox: dissociation between explicit and implicit processing of emotional prosody in schizophrenia."

People with schizophrenia show well-replicated deficits on tasks of explicit recognition of emotional prosody. However it remains unclear whether they are still sensitive to the implicit cues of emotional prosody, particularly when they exhibit high levels of social anhedonia. A dual processing model suggesting a dissociation between the neural networks involved in explicit and implicit recognition of emotional prosody has yet to be validated. 21 participants with schizophrenia and 21 controls were recruited. In the explicit recognition task, individuals listened to semantically neutral words pronounced with two different emotions and judged their emotional prosody. In the vocal emotional Stroop task, patients and controls listened to words with a positive or negative emotional valence pronounced with congruent or incongruent emotional prosody and judged their emotional content. Patients were also assessed with the Chapman Anhedonia Questionnaire and the Schizophrenic Communication Disorders scale. Individuals with schizophrenia were impaired in their explicit recognition of emotional prosody related to controls. In contrast, they showed a vocal emotional Stroop effect that was identical to controls for reaction time and greater for accuracy: patients were still sensitive to implicit emotional prosody. In addition the vocal emotional Stroop score increased with social anhedonia but was unrelated to communication disorders. Whereas explicit vocal affect recognition is impaired, implicit processing of emotional prosody seems to be preserved in schizophrenia. Our results provide evidence that at a behavioural level, the implicit and explicit processing of emotional prosody can be dissociated. Remediation of emotional prosody recognition in schizophrenia should target cognitive rather than sensory processes.


Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives et Psycholinguistique, UMR 8554,CNRS-ENS-EHESS, 29 Rue d'Ulm, 75004 Paris, France; EA 4047, Université de Versailles-Saint Quentin, Centre Hospitalier de Versailles, 80 Bd de la Reine, 78000 Versailles, France.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Neuropsychologia
ISSN: 1873-3514


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [6093 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Implicit and Explicit Processing of Emotional Facial Expressions in Parkinson's disease.

Besides motor problems, Parkinsońs disease (PD) is associated with detrimental emotional and cognitive functioning. Deficient explicit emotional processing has been observed, whilst patients also sho...

Discrepancy between explicit judgement of agency and implicit feeling of agency: Implications for sense of agency and its disorders.

The sense of agency refers to the feeling of authorship that "I am the one who is controlling external events through my own action". A distinction between explicit judgement of agency and implicit fe...

Implicit emotion perception in schizophrenia.

Explicit but not implicit facial emotion perception has been shown to be impaired in schizophrenia. In this study, we used newly developed technology in social neuroscience to examine implicit emotion...

Unseen positive and negative affective information influences social perception in bipolar I disorder and healthy adults.

Bipolar disorder is fundamentally a disorder of emotion regulation, and associated with explicit processing biases for socially relevant emotional information in human faces. Less is known, however, a...

Dissociation between implicit and explicit expectancies of cannabis use in adolescence.

Cannabis is one of the most commonly drugs used by teenagers. Expectancies about its effects play a crucial role in cannabis consumption. Various tools have been used to assess expectancies, mainly se...

Clinical Trials [842 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Literacy and Smoking Risk Communications

Objectives: Smokers with varying levels of health literacy as assessed by the S-TOFHLA (i.e., inadequate, marginal, adequate) recruited from the community will listen to one of 4 di...

Emotional Processing in Multiple Sclerosis / Clinically Isolated Syndrome: A Neuropsychological fMRI-study

The aim of this prospective non-interventional neuropsychological one visit study involving functional MRI (fMRI) is to ascertain emotional processing in patients with Multiple Sclerosis (...

Emotional Processing, Family Life, Friendship and Social Integration in Patients With Multiple Sclerosis

In addition to the physical, cognitive and psychological symptoms experienced by individuals with Multiple Sclerosis (MS), there is new research which indicates that some individuals with ...

Efficacy of Adding Interpersonal and Emotional Processing Therapy Techniques to Cognitive Behavioral Therapy to Treat Generalized Anxiety Disorder

This study will test a version of cognitive behavioral therapy for generalized anxiety disorders that incorporates interpersonal and emotional processing techniques.

Feasibility of Adding Interpersonal and Emotional Processing Techniques to Cognitive Behavioral Therapy to Treat Generalized Anxiety Disorder

This study will test the feasibility and safety of adding interpersonal and emotional processing techniques to standard cognitive behavioral therapy for generalized anxiety disorder.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The ability to understand and manage emotions and to use emotional knowledge to enhance thought and deal effectively with tasks. Components of emotional intelligence include empathy, self-motivation, self-awareness, self-regulation, and social skill. Emotional intelligence is a measurement of one's ability to socialize or relate to others.

A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, HALLUCINATIONS, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.

A computer architecture, implementable in either hardware or software, modeled after biological neural networks. Like the biological system in which the processing capability is a result of the interconnection strengths between arrays of nonlinear processing nodes, computerized neural networks, often called perceptrons or multilayer connectionist models, consist of neuron-like units. A homogeneous group of units makes up a layer. These networks are good at pattern recognition. They are adaptive, performing tasks by example, and thus are better for decision-making than are linear learning machines or cluster analysis. They do not require explicit programming.

The emotional attachment of individuals to pets.

An emotional attitude excited by realization of a shortcoming or impropriety.

Quick Search

DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Psychiatry is the study of mental disorders and their diagnosis, management and prevention.  Conditions include schizophrenia, severe depression and panic disorders among others. There are pharmaceutical treatments as well as other therapies to help...

Schizophrenia is a common  serious long-term mental health condition that affects 5 in 1000 in the UK. It causes a range of different psychological symptoms; hallucinations, delusions, muddled thoughts based on the hallucinations or delusions and ch...

Searches Linking to this Article