Sleep quality and effects of position on sleep apnea in East Asian children.
Summary of "Sleep quality and effects of position on sleep apnea in East Asian children."
To assess whether obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) affects sleep architecture and quality in East Asian children, and also to assess the effects of body position during sleep on respiratory disturbance during sleep. MATERIALS AND
We enrolled 50 consecutive East Asian children with habitual snoring between 2007 and 2009. Nineteen children had OSAS (apnea-hypopnea index, AHI>/=5; OSAS group) and 31 children were simple snorers (control group). They underwent polysomnography and physical examination of their nasal and oral cavities with a roentgenogram of the nasopharynx. Sleep architecture and other polysomnographic variables were compared between the OSAS and control groups. The effect of body position during sleep on respiratory disturbance was examined, and also in relation to obesity and adeno-tonsillar size.
There was a decrease in total sleep time and in sleep efficiency, as well as increased arousal and heart rate (P<0.05) in the OSAS group. Sub-analysis of AHI according to sleep posture showed that AHI is higher when the patient is in the supine position than in the non-supine position (P=0.032). The presence of OSAS and kissing tonsils were contributing factors to the positional difference in AHI (P<0.05). Obesity and adenoid hypertrophy did not affect the positional difference of AHI.
OSAS may have a greater influence on the sleep architecture of East Asian children, and East Asian children may have a higher AHI when sleeping in the supine position. Tonsillar hypertrophy and the presence of OSAS are possible contributing factors for positional difference of AHI in East Asian children.
Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Auris, nasus, larynx
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20800981
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anl.2010.07.005
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Sleep Apnea, Central
A condition associated with multiple episodes of sleep apnea which are distinguished from obstructive sleep apnea (SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE) by the complete cessation of efforts to breathe. This disorder is associated with dysfunction of central nervous system centers that regulate respiration. This condition may be idiopathic (primary) or associated with lower brain stem lesions; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (LUNG DISEASES, OBSTRUCTIVE); HEART FAILURE, CONGESTIVE; medication effect; and other conditions. Sleep maintenance is impaired, resulting in daytime hypersomnolence. Primary central sleep apnea is frequently associated with obstructive sleep apnea. When both forms are present the condition is referred to as mixed sleep apnea (see SLEEP APNEA SYNDROMES). (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395; Neurol Clin 1996;14(3):611-28)
Sleep Apnea Syndromes
Disorders characterized by multiple cessations of respirations during sleep that induce partial arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. Sleep apnea syndromes are divided into central (see SLEEP APNEA, CENTRAL), obstructive (see SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE), and mixed central-obstructive types.
Sleep Disorders, Intrinsic
Dyssomnias (i.e., insomnias or hypersomnias) associated with dysfunction of internal sleep mechanisms or secondary to a sleep-related medical disorder (e.g., sleep apnea, post-traumatic sleep disorders, etc.). (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)
Periods of sleep manifested by changes in EEG activity and certain behavioral correlates; includes Stage 1: sleep onset, drowsy sleep; Stage 2: light sleep; Stages 3 and 4: delta sleep, light sleep, deep sleep, telencephalic sleep.
Movements or behaviors associated with sleep, sleep stages, or partial arousals from sleep that may impair sleep maintenance. Parasomnias are generally divided into four groups: arousal disorders, sleep-wake transition disorders, parasomnias of REM sleep, and nonspecific parasomnias. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p191)
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