Impact of anastomotic leak on outcomes after transhiatal esophagectomy.
Summary of "Impact of anastomotic leak on outcomes after transhiatal esophagectomy."
The development of anastomotic leaks and/or strictures can be associated with considerable morbidity and impairment of quality of life. In the current study, we evaluated the outcomes of patients who developed anastomotic complications after esophagectomy to elucidate the impact of these events on morbidity, mortality, and subsequent need for dilation.
We analyzed retrospectively the clinical course of 235 patients who underwent transhiatal esophagectomy for cancer from 2001 to 2009. Patients with confirmed anastomotic leaks were identified and classified with the following scale: class 1: Radiographic leak only, no intervention; class 2: leak requiring opening of the wound, cervical and/or percutaneous drainage; class 3: disruption of anastomosis (10-50% circumference) with perianastomotic abscess requiring video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery or thoracotomy; and class 4: gastric tip necrosis with anastomotic separation (>50% circumference).
Anastomotic leaks were encountered in 30 patients (13%). Anastomotic leaks were associated with greater morbidity (70% vs 47%; P = .02) and stricture formation (57% vs 19%; P = .0001). Mortality was not different. Increasing leak class was associated with an increased need for postoperative anastomotic dilations (P = .016).
Anastomotic integrity after esophagectomy has a substantial impact on perioperative course and long-term swallowing. A more formal radiographic and endoscopic leak classification system seems justified.
Division of Thoracic and Foregut Surgery, Heart, Lung and Esophageal Surgery Institute, UPMC Health System, Pittsburgh, PA.
This article was published in the following journal.
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20800864
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.surg.2010.07.034
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Breakdown of the connection and subsequent leakage of digestive system fluid from a SURGICAL ANASTOMOSIS of digestive system structures. Most common leakages are from breakdown of the sutured lines in gastrointestinal or bowel anastomosis.
Capillary Leak Syndrome
A condition characterized by recurring episodes of fluid leaking from capillaries into extra-vascular compartments causing hematocrit to rise precipitously. If not treated, generalized vascular leak can lead to generalized EDEMA; SHOCK; cardiovascular collapse; and MULTIPLE ORGAN FAILURE.
Excision of part (partial) or all (total) of the esophagus. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Sequelae of gastrectomy from the second week after operation on. Include recurrent or anastomotic ulcer, postprandial syndromes (DUMPING SYNDROME and late postprandial hypoglycemia), disordered bowel action, and nutritional deficiencies.
The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.
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