Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether dysfunction of specific cognitive abilities is a predictor of impending mortality in adults with systolic heart failure (HF).
A total of 166 stable outpatients with HF completed cognitive function evaluation in language, working memory, memory, visuospatial ability, psychomotor speed, and executive function using a neuropsychological test battery. Demographic and clinical variables, comorbidity, depressive symptoms, and health-related quality of life were also measured. Patients were followed for 12 months to determine all-cause mortality.
There were 145 survivors and 21 deaths. In logistic regression analyses, significant predictors of mortality were lower left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and poorer scores on measures of global congnitive function Mini-Mental State Examination [MMSE], working memory, memory, psychomotor speed, and executive function. Memory loss was the most predictive cognitive function variable (overall chi(2) = 17.97, df = 2, P < .001; Nagelkerke R(2) = 0.20). Gender was a significant covariate in 2 models, with men more likely to die. Age, comorbidity, depressive symptoms, and health-related quality of life were not significant predictors. In further analyses, significant predictors of mortality were lower systolic blood pressure and poorer global cognitive function, working memory, memory, psychomotor speed, and executive function, with memory being the most predictive.
As hypothesized, lower LVEF and memory dysfunction predicted mortality. Poorer global cognitive score as determined by the MMSE, working memory, psychomotor speed, and executive function were also significant predictors. LVEF or systolic blood pressure had similar predictive values. Interventions are urgently needed to prevent and manage memory loss in HF.
University of Michigan School of Nursing, Ann Arbor, MI.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of cardiac failure
Previous research shows that executive function (EF) and personality independently predict functional decline. Our objective was to determine whether personality traits predict independence with instr...
Executive function, impulsivity, and intelligence are correlated markers of cognitive resource that predict health-related behaviours. It is unknown whether executive function and impulsivity are uniq...
Aging is accompanied by declines in cognitive and sensorimotor functions. However, at present, the interrelation between attentional processes and dexterity in aging has not been thoroughly addressed....
Memory impairment in behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) is traditionally considered to be mild and attributed to prefrontal cortex dysfunction. Recent studies, however, indicated that ...
Depression in late life has been associated with difficulties in cognitive processing, particularly in the domains of executive function, processing speed and memory, and increases the risk of develop...
Some patients with shoulder pain have decreased body awareness (BA). To some degree, pain among these patients can be increased due to their lack in BA. Psychomotor therapy is thought to i...
The goal of this project is to investigate and improve executive control function in two distinct pain conditions, namely neuropathic pain and fibromyalgia (FM). It is hypothesized that th...
Atomoxetine (Strattera) is a drug that is currently approved for treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adults. Atomoxetine works to enhance levels of...
The primary objective of the study is to evaluate the efficacy of SPD489 compared to placebo on executive function (self-regulation) behaviors in adults with ADHD who report clinically sig...
Those with traumatic brain injury (TBI) are at increased risk for suicidal behavior, and suicidality is associated with executive dysfunction. In the aim of highlighting an important risk ...
A set of cognitive functions that controls complex, goal-directed thought and behavior. Executive function involves multiple domains, such as CONCEPT FORMATION, goal management, cognitive flexibility, INHIBITION control, and WORKING MEMORY. Impaired executive function is seen in a range of disorders, e.g., SCHIZOPHRENIA; and ADHD.
An acquired organic mental disorder with loss of intellectual abilities of sufficient severity to interfere with social or occupational functioning. The dysfunction is multifaceted and involves memory, behavior, personality, judgment, attention, spatial relations, language, abstract thought, and other executive functions. The intellectual decline is usually progressive, and initially spares the level of consciousness.
Complex mental function having four distinct phases: (1) memorizing or learning, (2) retention, (3) recall, and (4) recognition. Clinically, it is usually subdivided into immediate, recent, and remote memory.
General dysfunction of an organ occurring immediately following its transplantation. The term most frequently refers to renal dysfunction following KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.
Abnormalities of motor function that are associated with organic and non-organic cognitive disorders.
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Erectile Dysfunction Urology Urology is the branch of medicine concerned with the urinary tract and diseases that affect it. Examples include urethritis, urethrostenosis and incontinence. Urology is a su...