Nail Puncture Wound Through a Rubber-Soled Shoe: A Retrospective Study of 96 Adult Patients.
Summary of "Nail Puncture Wound Through a Rubber-Soled Shoe: A Retrospective Study of 96 Adult Patients."
Nail punctures through rubber-soled shoes expose the foot to the possibility of deep infection and foreign body retention. In this article, we describe characteristics of adult patients who sustained nail puncture wounds through a rubber-soled shoe and were treated at our institution from January 1, 2000, to January 8, 2008. Of the 96 patients, 36 (37.5%) were treated conservatively and 60 (62.5%) were treated surgically in the operating room. Of those treated surgically, 15 (25%) had a foreign body extracted during the operation. The operated group had a longer duration of time from injury to hospital admission than did the nonoperated group (5.0 +/- 6.8 days versus 2.7 +/- 3.8 days, P < .05). Treatment success was observed in 91 (94.8%) of the patients, and the median lag time before admission for the less successfully treated group was longer than that for the successfully treated group (10 days versus 2 days, P < .002); and, the less successfully treated group was more likely to receive antibiotics in the community before hospitalization (100.0% versus 47.2%, P < .06), and was more likely to be diabetic (40.0% versus 9.9%, P < .10). Fever, white blood cell count, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate were not significantly associated with treatment outcome. Success of the treatment did not depend on white blood cell count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, or fever. Ultrasonography was useful in detecting the presence of a foreign body.
Resident, Orthopaedic Department, Central Emek Hospital, Afula, Israel.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Journal of foot and ankle surgery : official publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20797584
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.jfas.2010.06.017
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Excessive lateral nail growth into the nail fold. Because the lateral margin of the nail acts as a foreign body, inflammation and granulation may result. It is caused by improperly fitting shoes and by improper trimming of the nail.
Negative-pressure Wound Therapy
The application of a vacuum across the surface of a wound through a foam dressing cut to fit the wound. This removes wound exudates, reduces build-up of inflammatory mediators, and increases the flow of nutrients to the wound thus promoting healing.
A disease caused by tetanospasmin, a powerful protein toxin produced by CLOSTRIDIUM TETANI. Tetanus usually occurs after an acute injury, such as a puncture wound or laceration. Generalized tetanus, the most common form, is characterized by tetanic muscular contractions and hyperreflexia. Localized tetanus presents itself as a mild condition with manifestations restricted to muscles near the wound. It may progress to the generalized form.
Post-dural Puncture Headache
A secondary headache disorder attributed to low CEREBROSPINAL FLUID pressure caused by SPINAL PUNCTURE, usually after dural or lumbar puncture.
Sheets of latex rubber punched and placed over the teeth during dental procedures to isolate the field of operation from the rest of the oral cavity (Jablonski; Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982). Rubber dams are useful in preventing the swallowing of instruments or restorations during dental work.
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