Influence of Low-Dose Nicotine on Bone Healing.
Summary of "Influence of Low-Dose Nicotine on Bone Healing."
: Nicotine at a low concentration was suggested as a new topical drug for clinical application. It has been reported to be capable of enhancing skin wound healing. This study was designed to assess the effect of nicotine administration at a low dose on bone regeneration using a rabbit model of mandibular distraction osteogenesis.
: Twenty New Zealand white rabbits were randomly assigned to nicotine group and control group. A total of 0.75 g, 60-day time release, nicotine pellets or placebos were implanted in the neck subcutaneous tissue of the rabbits. The nicotine or placebo exposure time for all the animals was 7 weeks. Unilateral mandibular distraction osteogenesis was performed. Five animals in each group were killed on week 2 and week 4 of consolidation, respectively. The mandibular samples were subjected to radiographic, histologic, and immunohistochemical analysis.
: Nicotine at low dose showed no significant effect on the expression of bone morphogenetic protein-2 and on the radiodensity of bone regeneration. However, the delayed bone healing was detected in the nicotine group by histologic examination.
: These findings imply a potential risk of compromised bone healing in patients taking nicotine medication. Further clinical studies are necessary to assess the risk of nicotine medication on reconstructive surgery.
From the Faculty of Dentistry (L.M., L.W.Z., L.K.C.), Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, The University of Hong Kong; and Department of Biochemistry (M.H.S.), Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Journal of trauma
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20805768
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/TA.0b013e3181e80dab
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Nicotine is highly toxic alkaloid. It is the prototypical agonist at nicotinic cholinergic receptors where it dramatically stimulates neurons and ultimately blocks synaptic transmission. Nicotine is also important medically because of its presence in tobacco smoke.
The dose amount of poisonous or toxic substance or dose of ionizing radiation required to kill 50% of the tested population.
The physiological restoration of bone tissue and function after a fracture. It includes BONY CALLUS formation and normal replacement of bone tissue.
Steel wires, often threaded through the skin, soft tissues, and bone, used to fix broken bones. Kirschner wires or apparatus also includes the application of traction to the healing bones through the wires.
The highest dose of a biologically active agent given during a chronic study that will not reduce longevity from effects other than carcinogenicity. (from Lewis Dictionary of Toxicology, 1st ed)