Influence of Low-Dose Nicotine on Bone Healing.
Summary of "Influence of Low-Dose Nicotine on Bone Healing."
: Nicotine at a low concentration was suggested as a new topical drug for clinical application. It has been reported to be capable of enhancing skin wound healing. This study was designed to assess the effect of nicotine administration at a low dose on bone regeneration using a rabbit model of mandibular distraction osteogenesis.
: Twenty New Zealand white rabbits were randomly assigned to nicotine group and control group. A total of 0.75 g, 60-day time release, nicotine pellets or placebos were implanted in the neck subcutaneous tissue of the rabbits. The nicotine or placebo exposure time for all the animals was 7 weeks. Unilateral mandibular distraction osteogenesis was performed. Five animals in each group were killed on week 2 and week 4 of consolidation, respectively. The mandibular samples were subjected to radiographic, histologic, and immunohistochemical analysis.
: Nicotine at low dose showed no significant effect on the expression of bone morphogenetic protein-2 and on the radiodensity of bone regeneration. However, the delayed bone healing was detected in the nicotine group by histologic examination.
: These findings imply a potential risk of compromised bone healing in patients taking nicotine medication. Further clinical studies are necessary to assess the risk of nicotine medication on reconstructive surgery.
From the Faculty of Dentistry (L.M., L.W.Z., L.K.C.), Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, The University of Hong Kong; and Department of Biochemistry (M.H.S.), Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Journal of trauma
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20805768
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/TA.0b013e3181e80dab
Product standards that greatly reduce the content of nicotine within cigarettes may result in improved public health. The study presented here used an animal model to investigate whether individuals w...
Repair of bone defects remains a significant clinical problem. Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 (BMP2) is FDA approved for fracture healing but is expensive and has associated morbidity. Studies have show...
Background: Most women do not stop smoking either during pregnancy or in the lactation period. This study was carried out to investigate the effect of long term per oral pre/postnatal low/high dose ni...
This study compared bone healing following the use of 2 piezoelectric surgery units or conventional mechanical cutting with carbide and diamond drills to explore their future applications for bone sur...
Purpose: The objective of this study was to describe bone healing around self-drilling orthodontic mini-implants (MIs), sterilized in an office with an autoclave, with or without immediate orthodontic...
The aim was to determine the wound healing capacity in healthy never smokers and smokers who continue to smoke, or quit smoking using transdermal nicotine patch versus placebo patch.
The purpose of this research program is to understand how a biomarker called the "nicotine metabolite ratio" (also referred to as NMR) may influence a smoker's ability to quit smoking.
Unfortunately, the investigators still need to assess and identify novel ways to help people quit smoking. Differences between people in terms of how fast they metabolize nicotine influenc...
A comparison of three products for oral nicotine replacement with respect to pharmacokinetics after single-dose of nicotine.
Evaluate the INFUSE/MASTERGRAFT™ Delayed Healing Device as an alternative/replacement to autograft in the treatment of tibial delayed healing.
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Nicotine is highly toxic alkaloid. It is the prototypical agonist at nicotinic cholinergic receptors where it dramatically stimulates neurons and ultimately blocks synaptic transmission. Nicotine is also important medically because of its presence in tobacco smoke.
The dose amount of poisonous or toxic substance or dose of ionizing radiation required to kill 50% of the tested population.
The physiological restoration of bone tissue and function after a fracture. It includes BONY CALLUS formation and normal replacement of bone tissue.
Steel wires, often threaded through the skin, soft tissues, and bone, used to fix broken bones. Kirschner wires or apparatus also includes the application of traction to the healing bones through the wires.
The highest dose of a biologically active agent given during a chronic study that will not reduce longevity from effects other than carcinogenicity. (from Lewis Dictionary of Toxicology, 1st ed)