Casimir Funk: His Discovery of the Vitamins and Their Deficiency Disorders.

05:43 EDT 27th May 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Casimir Funk: His Discovery of the Vitamins and Their Deficiency Disorders."

The history of the discovery of vitamins is the history of their deficiency disorders. Their discoverer was Casimir Funk, who is considered the 'father of vitamin therapy'. In his experimental research, Funk studied the interrelationships in the human body of those elements that Eijkman had demonstrated in animals, particularly in birds. In his experimental research, Funk identified the dietetic factors whose lack caused the 'deficiency disorders', as he called human beri-beri, scurvy, rickets and pellagra. In 1911, he designated these factors 'vitamins' ('vita' = life, and 'amine' = a nitrogenous substance essential for life); this name was accepted by the scientific community in 1912.

Affiliation

Institute of Neurological Science-CNR, Mangone, Italy.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Annals of nutrition & metabolism
ISSN: 1421-9697
Pages: 85-88

Links

PubMed Articles [9215 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Comparative Effectiveness of B and E Vitamins with Diclofenac in Reducing Pain Due to Osteoarthritis of the Knee.

Knee osteoarthritis is one of the most prevalent chronic disorders. Several pharmacological and non pharmacological approaches are used to treat this disease. Today, the effect of B and E vitamins on ...

Intermolecular Casimir-Polder forces in water and near surfaces.

The Casimir-Polder force is an important long-range interaction involved in adsorption and desorption of molecules in fluids. We explore Casimir-Polder interactions between methane molecules in water,...

Thiamin Deficiency in People with Obesity.

Although obesity has been viewed traditionally as a disease of excess nutrition, evidence suggests that it may also be a disease of malnutrition. Specifically, thiamin deficiency was found in 15.5-29%...

Vitamin K supplementation for cystic fibrosis.

Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disorder which can lead to multiorgan dysfunction. Malabsorption of fat and fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, K) may occur and can cause subclinical deficiencies of some of t...

Geometric origin of negative Casimir entropies: A scattering-channel analysis.

Negative values of the Casimir entropy occur quite frequently at low temperatures in arrangements of metallic objects. The physical reason lies either in the dissipative nature of the metals as is the...

Clinical Trials [2063 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Brain and Behavior Depending on Timing of Iron Deficiency in Human Infants

It is common in many populations that babies develop iron deficiency or iron deficiency anemia (that is, too few healthy red blood cells due to lack of iron). This is due to rapid growth i...

Open Label Phase 3 Study of NABI-IGIV 10% [(HUMAN)] In Subjects With Primary Immune Deficiency Disorders (PIDD)

The purpose of this study is to determine if NABI-IGIV (10%) is safe and effective in preventing serious bacterial infections in the treatment of patients with primary immune deficiency di...

RCT of Iodine-containing MNPs vs Oral Iodized Oil to Prevent Iodine Deficiency in Weaning Infants

In this study, two intervention strategies to address iodine deficiency and prevent iodine deficiency disorders in breast-fed weaning infants will be evaluated in a mild to moderate iodine...

Discovery Elbow Multi-Center Prospective Study

The purpose of this prospective clinical trial is to document the performance and clinical outcomes of Biomet Discovery Elbow.

Healthy Infant Development Project

The Healthy Infant Development Project will determine if providing micronutrient supplements to mothers during pregnancy and infants in the first 9 months fosters healthy behavior and deve...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A condition due to deficiency in any member of the VITAMIN B COMPLEX. These B vitamins are water-soluble and must be obtained from the diet because they are easily lost in the urine. Unlike the lipid-soluble vitamins, they cannot be stored in the body fat.

A condition due to a deficiency of one or more essential vitamins. (Dorland, 27th ed)

A condition produced by dietary or metabolic deficiency. The term includes all diseases caused by an insufficient supply of essential nutrients, i.e., protein (or amino acids), vitamins, and minerals. It also includes an inadequacy of calories. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)

A condition produced by a deficiency of CHOLINE in animals. Choline is known as a lipotropic agent because it has been shown to promote the transport of excess fat from the liver under certain conditions in laboratory animals. Combined deficiency of choline (included in the B vitamin complex) and all other methyl group donors causes liver cirrhosis in some animals. Unlike compounds normally considered as vitamins, choline does not serve as a cofactor in enzymatic reactions. (From Saunders Dictionary & Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984)

Compound used for therapy of thiamine deficiency. It has also been suggested for several non-deficiency disorders but has not yet proven useful.

Search BioPortfolio:
Loading
Advertisement
Advertisement

Searches Linking to this Article