Advertisement

Topics

Motor proficiency of 6- to 9-year-old children with speech and language problems.

06:00 EDT 1st September 2010 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Motor proficiency of 6- to 9-year-old children with speech and language problems."

Aim This study compared the gross motor skills of school-age children (mean age 7y 8mo, range 6-9y) with developmental speech and language disorders (DSLDs; n=105; 76 males, 29 females) and typically developing children (n=105; 76 males, 29 females). The relationship between the performance parameters and the children's age was investigated as well as the role of the type of DSLD. Method The children with DSLDs were classified by their schools' speech and language therapists into three subgroups: children with speech disorders (n=16), those with language disorders (n=41), or those with both (n=48). They were tested with the Test of Gross Motor Development, 2nd edition. Results Compared with their typically developing peers, all three DSLD subgroups scored lower on the locomotor (all p values <0.001) and object control sub tests (all p values <0.001). Significant performance differences were found between the three types of DSLD (all p values <0.01) where the children with language disorders only performed better. Older children performed better than the younger ones (p(locomotor)=0.029, p(object control) <0.001), but the magnitude of differences between the children with DSLDs and their peers did not change with increasing age. Interpretation Children with DSLDs have poor gross motor skills. Although the performance of children with DSLDs improves with increasing age, it lags behind that of typically developing children. The present results emphasize the importance of early diagnosis and intervention for children with motor deficits.

Affiliation

Centre for Human Movement Sciences, University Medical Centre Groningen, University of Groningen, the Netherlands.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Developmental medicine and child neurology
ISSN: 1469-8749
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [17859 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

A Lag in Speech Motor Coordination During Sentence Production Is Associated With Stuttering Persistence in Young Children.

The purpose of this study was to determine if indices of speech motor coordination during the production of sentences varying in sentence length and syntactic complexity were associated with stutterin...

Speech Inconsistency in Children With Childhood Apraxia of Speech, Language Impairment, and Speech Delay: Depends on the Stimuli.

The current research sought to determine (a) if speech inconsistency is a core feature of childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) or if it is driven by comorbid language impairment that affects a large subs...

The demand for speech pathology services for children: Do we need more or just different?

An inability or difficulty communicating can have a profound impact on a child's future ability to participate in society as a productive adult. Over the past few years the number of interventions for...

A Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Study on Cortical Hemodynamic Responses to Normal and Whispered Speech in 3- to 7-Year-Old Children.

The purpose of this study was to assess cortical hemodynamic response patterns in 3- to 7-year-old children listening to two speech modes: normally vocalized and whispered speech. Understanding whispe...

Language Sampling for Preschoolers With Severe Speech Impairments.

The purposes of this investigation were to determine if measures such as mean length of utterance (MLU) and percentage of comprehensible words can be derived reliably from language samples of children...

Clinical Trials [7815 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

RCT of Parent-based Intervention for Language Delayed 2 to 3 Year Olds

The aim of the study is to evaluate the impact of parent based intervention on the language of 2 to 3 year old children from socially disadvantaged populations with a clinical diagnosis of...

Balance in Children With Cochlear Implants

The purpose is to test the balance of children with unilateral,bilateral cochlear implants and patients having unilateral implants before,bilateral implants after surgery,using the Bruinin...

Language Environment in Children With Cochlear Implants

The Language Environment Analysis (LENA) system is a specific tool for the language environment analysis. Children aged from 18 months to 6 years old, with cochlear implants (CIs), wear an...

Assessing the Effectiveness of Communication Therapy in the North West (The ACT NoW Pilot Study)

This study investigates the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of speech and language therapy for adults who suffer communication difficulties following a stroke.

Sensorimotor Maps of Vowel Perception and Production

Speech develops through a co-structuring of auditory and motor representations, especially in the first years of life during language acquisition. In the present study, we will test by mea...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Procedures for assisting a person with a speech or language disorder to communicate with maximum efficiency.

The study of speech or language disorders and their diagnosis and correction.

Skills in the use of language which lead to proficiency in written or spoken communication.

An aphasia characterized by impairment of expressive language (speech, writing, signs) and relative preservation of receptive language abilities (i.e., comprehension). This condition is caused by lesions of the motor association cortex in the frontal lobe (Broca's area and adjacent cortical and white matter regions). The deficits range from almost complete muteness to a reduction in the fluency and rate of speech. CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENTS (in particular INFARCTION, MIDDLE CEREBRAL ARTERY) are a relatively common cause of this condition. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp478-9)

A professional society concerned with the diagnosis, prevention, treatment, and remediation of speech, language, and hearing disorders.

Quick Search
Advertisement
 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topic

Pediatrics
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...


Searches Linking to this Article