Motor proficiency of 6- to 9-year-old children with speech and language problems.
Summary of "Motor proficiency of 6- to 9-year-old children with speech and language problems."
Aim This study compared the gross motor skills of school-age children (mean age 7y 8mo, range 6-9y) with developmental speech and language disorders (DSLDs; n=105; 76 males, 29 females) and typically developing children (n=105; 76 males, 29 females). The relationship between the performance parameters and the children's age was investigated as well as the role of the type of DSLD. Method The children with DSLDs were classified by their schools' speech and language therapists into three subgroups: children with speech disorders (n=16), those with language disorders (n=41), or those with both (n=48). They were tested with the Test of Gross Motor Development, 2nd edition. Results Compared with their typically developing peers, all three DSLD subgroups scored lower on the locomotor (all p values <0.001) and object control sub tests (all p values <0.001). Significant performance differences were found between the three types of DSLD (all p values <0.01) where the children with language disorders only performed better. Older children performed better than the younger ones (p(locomotor)=0.029, p(object control) <0.001), but the magnitude of differences between the children with DSLDs and their peers did not change with increasing age. Interpretation Children with DSLDs have poor gross motor skills. Although the performance of children with DSLDs improves with increasing age, it lags behind that of typically developing children. The present results emphasize the importance of early diagnosis and intervention for children with motor deficits.
Centre for Human Movement Sciences, University Medical Centre Groningen, University of Groningen, the Netherlands.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Developmental medicine and child neurology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20804514
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8749.2010.03774.x
Childhood Apraxia of Speech (CAS) is diagnosed on the basis of specific speech characteristics, in the absence of problems in hearing, intelligence, and language comprehension. This does not preclude ...
Cochlear implants (CIs) can facilitate the acquisition of spoken language for deaf children, but challenges remain. Language skills dependent on phonological sensitivity are most at risk for these chi...
This study investigates the role of age of acquisition (AoA), socioeducational status (SES), and second language (L2) proficiency on the neural processing of L2 speech sounds. In a task of pre-attenti...
The Preschool Speech and Language Program (PSLP) in Ontario, Canada, is a publically funded intervention service for children from birth to 5 years with communication disorders. It has begun a populat...
Learning a foreign language in a natural immersion context with high exposure to the new language has been shown to change the way speech sounds of that language are processed at the neural level. It ...
The purpose is to test the balance of children with unilateral,bilateral cochlear implants and patients having unilateral implants before,bilateral implants after surgery,using the Bruinin...
This study investigates the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of speech and language therapy for adults who suffer communication difficulties following a stroke.
Speech develops through a co-structuring of auditory and motor representations, especially in the first years of life during language acquisition. In the present study, we will test by mea...
Brief Summary: Nearly 7% of elementary school children present with difficulties learning and using language. Unfortunately, language impairments are often long lasting and may have serio...
Treatment with cochlear implantation is now offered to proximately 95 % of children with deafness in Norway. More than 500 children have been operated at Oslo University Hospital. The stud...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Procedures for assisting a person with a speech or language disorder to communicate with maximum efficiency.
The study of speech or language disorders and their diagnosis and correction.
Skills in the use of language which lead to proficiency in written or spoken communication.
An aphasia characterized by impairment of expressive language (speech, writing, signs) and relative preservation of receptive language abilities (i.e., comprehension). This condition is caused by lesions of the motor association cortex in the frontal lobe (Broca's area and adjacent cortical and white matter regions). The deficits range from almost complete muteness to a reduction in the fluency and rate of speech. CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENTS (in particular INFARCTION, MIDDLE CEREBRAL ARTERY) are a relatively common cause of this condition. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp478-9)
A professional society concerned with the diagnosis, prevention, treatment, and remediation of speech, language, and hearing disorders.