Advertisement

Topics

Motor proficiency of 6- to 9-year-old children with speech and language problems.

06:00 EDT 1st September 2010 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Motor proficiency of 6- to 9-year-old children with speech and language problems."

Aim This study compared the gross motor skills of school-age children (mean age 7y 8mo, range 6-9y) with developmental speech and language disorders (DSLDs; n=105; 76 males, 29 females) and typically developing children (n=105; 76 males, 29 females). The relationship between the performance parameters and the children's age was investigated as well as the role of the type of DSLD. Method The children with DSLDs were classified by their schools' speech and language therapists into three subgroups: children with speech disorders (n=16), those with language disorders (n=41), or those with both (n=48). They were tested with the Test of Gross Motor Development, 2nd edition. Results Compared with their typically developing peers, all three DSLD subgroups scored lower on the locomotor (all p values <0.001) and object control sub tests (all p values <0.001). Significant performance differences were found between the three types of DSLD (all p values <0.01) where the children with language disorders only performed better. Older children performed better than the younger ones (p(locomotor)=0.029, p(object control) <0.001), but the magnitude of differences between the children with DSLDs and their peers did not change with increasing age. Interpretation Children with DSLDs have poor gross motor skills. Although the performance of children with DSLDs improves with increasing age, it lags behind that of typically developing children. The present results emphasize the importance of early diagnosis and intervention for children with motor deficits.

Affiliation

Centre for Human Movement Sciences, University Medical Centre Groningen, University of Groningen, the Netherlands.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Developmental medicine and child neurology
ISSN: 1469-8749
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [18378 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Relative Difficulty of Understanding Foreign Accents as a Marker of Proficiency.

Foreign-accented speech is generally harder to understand than native-accented speech. This difficulty is reduced for non-native listeners who share their first language with the non-native speaker. I...

Who Receives Speech/Language Services by Five Years of Age in the U.S.?

We sought to identify factors predictive of or associated with receipt of speech/language services during early childhood. We did so by analyzing data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth...

Emotion understanding, parent mental state language, and behavior problems in internationally adopted children.

Internationally adopted postinstitutionalized (PI) children are at risk for lower levels of emotion understanding. This study examined how postadoption parenting influences emotion understanding and w...

Behavioral and neurobiological correlates of childhood apraxia of speech in Italian children.

Childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) is a neurogenic Speech Sound Disorder whose etiology and neurobiological correlates are still unclear. In the present study, 32 Italian children with idiopathic CAS u...

Teachers' screening estimations of speech-language impairments in primary school children in Nepal.

The prevalence of speech-language impairments in children have been estimated for several languages, primarily in developed countries. However, prevalence data is lacking for developing countries, suc...

Clinical Trials [6698 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Balance in Children With Cochlear Implants

The purpose is to test the balance of children with unilateral,bilateral cochlear implants and patients having unilateral implants before,bilateral implants after surgery,using the Bruinin...

Assessing the Effectiveness of Communication Therapy in the North West (The ACT NoW Pilot Study)

This study investigates the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of speech and language therapy for adults who suffer communication difficulties following a stroke.

Sensorimotor Maps of Vowel Perception and Production

Speech develops through a co-structuring of auditory and motor representations, especially in the first years of life during language acquisition. In the present study, we will test by mea...

A Comparison of Language Intervention Programs

Brief Summary: Nearly 7% of elementary school children present with difficulties learning and using language. Unfortunately, language impairments are often long lasting and may have serio...

Language Proficiency and Quality of Life After Receiving Cochlear Implantation as a Child

Treatment with cochlear implantation is now offered to proximately 95 % of children with deafness in Norway. More than 500 children have been operated at Oslo University Hospital. The stud...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Procedures for assisting a person with a speech or language disorder to communicate with maximum efficiency.

The study of speech or language disorders and their diagnosis and correction.

Skills in the use of language which lead to proficiency in written or spoken communication.

An aphasia characterized by impairment of expressive language (speech, writing, signs) and relative preservation of receptive language abilities (i.e., comprehension). This condition is caused by lesions of the motor association cortex in the frontal lobe (Broca's area and adjacent cortical and white matter regions). The deficits range from almost complete muteness to a reduction in the fluency and rate of speech. CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENTS (in particular INFARCTION, MIDDLE CEREBRAL ARTERY) are a relatively common cause of this condition. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp478-9)

A professional society concerned with the diagnosis, prevention, treatment, and remediation of speech, language, and hearing disorders.

Quick Search
Advertisement
 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topic

Pediatrics
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...


Searches Linking to this Article