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HISTORY AND ADMISSION
A 68-year-old woman with known degenerative joint disease suffered from increasing neck pain. Physical examination revealed painfully restricted movement of the cervical spine.
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein were increased. Tests for rheumatoid factors, antinuclear, anti-citrullinated protein and anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody were negative. Cervical spine x-ray showed osteochondrosis with partially bridging spondylosis at C5/C6, but there was no atlanto-axial dislocation. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed bone marrow edema and hyperintensity of the odontoid process, but there were no indications of fissures or fracture lines. TREATMENT AND
These findings indicated seronegative rheumatoid arthritis, with predominantly active atlanto-axial arthritis. After methotrexate and prednisolone had been administered the symptoms improved rapidly and inflammatory parameters returned to normal. Three months later no atlanto-axial arthritis was seen at MRI.
Rheumatoid arthritis involving the atlanto-axial region should be considered in patients with persisting neck pain and signs of inflammation.
Rheumazentrum Ruhrgebiet, St. Vinzenz Gruppe Ruhr GmbH.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift (1946)
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The joint involving the CERVICAL ATLAS and axis bones.
A type of inflammatory arthritis associated with PSORIASIS, often involving the axial joints and the peripheral terminal interphalangeal joints. It is characterized by the presence of HLA-B27-associated SPONDYLARTHROPATHY, and the absence of rheumatoid factor.
A chronic inflammatory condition affecting the axial joints, such as the SACROILIAC JOINT and other intervertebral or costovertebral joints. It occurs predominantly in young males and is characterized by pain and stiffness of joints (ANKYLOSIS) with inflammation at tendon insertions.
Heterogeneous group of arthritic diseases sharing clinical and radiologic features. They are associated with the HLA-B27 ANTIGEN and some with a triggering infection. Most involve the axial joints in the SPINE, particularly the SACROILIAC JOINT, but can also involve asymmetric peripheral joints. Subsets include ANKYLOSING SPONDYLITIS; REACTIVE ARTHRITIS; PSORIATIC ARTHRITIS; and others.
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