Autoimmune pancreatitis mimicking pancreatic cancer.
Summary of "Autoimmune pancreatitis mimicking pancreatic cancer."
Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is a form of chronic pancreatitis that can often be difficult to distinguish from pancreatic cancer. We describe the clinical and radiographic features of 23 patients with AIP whose presentations mimicked pancreatic cancer.
A review of clinic, radiology, and endoscopy records from a 6-year period identified patients with AIP initially suspected of having pancreatic cancer. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) with intravenous contrast, endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS), and/or ERCP was performed in each patient. The diagnosis of AIP was made histologically and/or cytologically for each patient.
Nineteen of 23 patients (83%) presented with new-onset weight loss, jaundice, or both. Nineteen (83%) patients had CT findings worrisome for pancreatic cancer including: (1) pancreatic enlargement or focal mass, (2) regional lymphadenopathy, and/or (3) vascular invasion. Eighteen patients (78%) had common bile duct strictures on ERCP. EUS-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsies excluded pancreatic cancer in all 22 patients who had EUS (96%). Seven patients had surgery for continued suspicion of pancreatic cancer.
Although AIP commonly presents with features suggestive of pancreatic cancer, clinical recognition of AIP with appropriate diagnostic testing including EUS with fine-needle aspiration, ERCP, IgG4 levels, and pancreatic protocol CT expedites diagnosis and can spare patients unnecessary surgery.
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Pancreaticobiliary Center, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1808 7th Ave S, BDB 380, Birmingham, AL, 35294, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of hepato-biliary-pancreatic sciences
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20811916
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00534-010-0321-1
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Pancreatic Stellate Cells
Star-shaped, myofibroblast-like cells located in the periacinar, perivascular, and periductal regions of the EXOCRINE PANCREAS. They play a key role in the pathobiology of FIBROSIS; PANCREATITIS; and PANCREATIC CANCER.
INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS. Pancreatitis is classified as acute unless there are computed tomographic or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatographic findings of CHRONIC PANCREATITIS (International Symposium on Acute Pancreatitis, Atlanta, 1992). The two most common forms of acute pancreatitis are ALCOHOLIC PANCREATITIS and gallstone pancreatitis.
Cyst-like space not lined by EPITHELIUM and contained within the PANCREAS. Pancreatic pseudocysts account for most of the cystic collections in the pancreas and are often associated with chronic PANCREATITIS.
Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency
A malabsorption condition resulting from greater than 10% reduction in the secretion of pancreatic digestive enzymes (LIPASE; PROTEASES; and AMYLASE) by the EXOCRINE PANCREAS into the DUODENUM. This condition is often associated with CYSTIC FIBROSIS and with chronic PANCREATITIS.
The proteinaceous component of the pancreatic stone in patients with PANCREATITIS.
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