Paracrine Interaction between Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells and Cranial Suture-Derived Mesenchymal Cells.
Summary of "Paracrine Interaction between Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells and Cranial Suture-Derived Mesenchymal Cells."
: Adipose-derived stromal cells are a potential cell source for the successful healing of skeletal defects. In this study, the authors sought to investigate the potential for cranial suture-derived mesenchymal cells to promote the osteogenic differentiation of adipose-derived stromal cells. Various reports have previously examined the unique in vitro attributes of suture-derived mesenchymal cells; this study sought to extend those findings.
: Suture-derived mesenchymal cells were isolated from wild-type mice (n = 30) from both fusing posterofrontal and patent sagittal sutures. Cells were placed in Transwell inserts with human adipose-derived stromal cells (n = 5 patients) with osteogenic differentiation medium with or without recombinant Noggin (10 to 400 ng/ml). Specific gene expression of osteogenic markers and Hedgehog pathway were assayed; standard osteogenic assays (alkaline phosphatase and alizarin red staining) were performed. All assays were performed in triplicate.
: Both posterofrontal and sagittal suture-derived mesenchymal cells induced osteogenic differentiation of adipose-derived stromal cells (p < 0.05). Posterofrontal suture-derived mesenchymal cells induced adipose-derived stromal cell osteogenesis to a greater degree than sagittal suture-derived mesenchymal cells (p < 0.05). This was accompanied by an increase in bone morphogenetic protein expression (p < 0.05). Finally, recombinant Noggin mitigated the pro-osteogenic effects of co-culture accompanied by a reduction in Hedgehog signaling (p < 0.05).
: Suture-derived mesenchymal cells secrete paracrine factors that induce osteogenic differentiation of multipotent stromal cells (human adipose-derived stromal cells). Cells derived from the fusing posterofrontal suture do this to a significantly greater degree than cells from the patent sagittal suture. Enhanced bone morphogenetic protein and Hedgehog signaling may underlie this paracrine effect.
Stanford, Calif. From the Hagey Laboratory for Pediatric Regenerative Medicine, Department of Surgery, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Division, Stanford University School of Medicine.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Plastic and reconstructive surgery
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20811214
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0b013e3181e5f81a
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Endometrial Stromal Tumors
Neoplasms of the endometrial stroma that sometimes involve the MYOMETRIUM. These tumors contain cells that may closely or remotely resemble the normal stromal cells. Endometrial stromal neoplasms are divided into three categories: (1) benign stromal nodules; (2) low-grade stromal sarcoma, or endolymphatic stromal myosis; and (3) malignant endometrial stromal sarcoma (SARCOMA, ENDOMETRIAL STROMAL).
Sex Cord-gonadal Stromal Tumors
Neoplasms derived from the primitive sex cord or gonadal stromal cells of the embryonic GONADS. They are classified by their presumed histogenesis and differentiation. From the sex cord, there are SERTOLI CELL TUMOR and GRANULOSA CELL TUMOR; from the gonadal stroma, LEYDIG CELL TUMOR and THECOMA. These tumors may be identified in either the OVARY or the TESTIS.
A malignant kidney tumor, caused by the uncontrolled multiplication of renal stem (blastemal), stromal (STROMAL CELLS), and epithelial (EPITHELIAL CELLS) elements. However, not all three are present in every case. Several genes or chromosomal areas have been associated with Wilms tumor which is usually found in childhood as a firm lump in a child's side or ABDOMEN.
Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It is the site of stored FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the WHITE FAT and the BROWN FAT. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.
Bone Marrow Cells
Cells contained in the bone marrow including fat cells (see ADIPOCYTES); STROMAL CELLS; MEGAKARYOCYTES; and the immediate precursors of most blood cells.
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