Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
: To evaluate BR55, a new VEGFR2-specific ultrasound contrast agent, for imaging prostate tumors in an orthotopic model in the rat. MATERIALS AND
: Rat prostate adenocarcinoma were established by injection of G Dunning R-3327 tumor cells in one lobe of the prostate of Copenhagen rats. Imaging experiments were performed with BR55, SonoVue, and streptavidin-functionalized microbubbles coupled with an anti-vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) antibody using a clinical ultrasound scanner. Contrast enhancement in the tumor and healthy prostate was followed over time by intermittent imaging at low acoustic power. Signal quantification and statistical analysis were performed in the tumor and healthy tissue to compare the behavior of the 3 contrast agents. Immunohistochemistry was performed on the prostate and tumor specimen to determine the expression of VEGFR2.
: Comparable contrast enhancement was observed in tumors at peak intensity for BR55 and SonoVue. Then, once unbound microbubbles had cleared from the circulation, a strong enhancement of the tumor was obtained with BR55, whereas no significant microbubble accumulation was detected in the healthy prostate tissue. SonoVue microbubbles were rapidly eliminated, and no significant binding was observed in the tumor. The tumor to prostate ratio calculated after signal quantification was about 20 for the 3 doses of BR55 tested. The enhancement obtained with BR55 in the tumor was not significantly different from the one observed with antibody-coupled streptavidin microbubbles. Intense staining for VEGFR2 was detected in the tumor vessels by immunohistochemistry.
: This study showed that BR55 binding to prostate tumors resulted in a strong enhancement of the lesions as early as a few minutes after contrast injection, whereas minimal nonspecific accumulation occurred in the healthy part of the gland. BR55, like Sonovue, provide information on tissue perfusion during the early vascular phase, but BR55 binding to the tumoral endothelium allows to gain additional information by highlighting the sites of active angiogenesis. The late phase enhancement of the tumor should be particularly valuable for prostate cancer detection and for biopsy guidance.
From the *Preclinical Ultrasound Department, Bracco Research SA, Geneva, Switzerland; and daggerThe Ernst Felder Laboratories, Bracco Research USA, Princeton, NJ.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Investigative radiology
The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of molecular ultrasound (US) imaging for monitoring the early inflammatory effects following acute kidney injury.
Creation of a VX2 tumor model has traditionally required a laparotomy and surgical implantation of tumor fragments. Open surgical procedures are invasive and require long procedure times and recovery ...
Transabdominal ultrasound (TAUS) imaging is currently available for localizing the prostate in daily image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT). The aim of this study was to determine the induced prostate displ...
Ultrasound molecular imaging has great potential to impact early disease diagnosis, evaluation of disease progression and the development of target-specific therapy. In this paper, two neuropilin-1 (N...
A magnetic resonance imaging contrast agent based on a tetrameric Gd-DTPA-like system linked to a fibrin-targeting peptide (Gd-F) has been designed for in vivo tumor characterization.
This clinical trial studies if kilo-voltage cone beam computed tomography (KV-CBCT) and ultrasound imaging works in guiding radiation therapy in patients with prostate, liver, or pancreati...
The primary objective is to perform a pilot trial evaluation of a novel prostate ultrasound imaging software utilizing tissue elasticity measurements to identify tumor foci among men who w...
RATIONALE: Highly focused ultrasound energy may be able to kill tumor cells by heating the tumor without affecting the surrounding tissue. PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying the sid...
The purpose of this study is to determine the sensitivity of Molecular Breast Imaging (MBI) relative to MRI of the breast in patients undergoing MRI for a clinical concern, or abnormal dia...
RATIONALE: New imaging procedures such as CT-on-rails™ may improve the ability to pinpoint the location of the tumor and decrease radiation therapy damage to healthy tissue. PURPOSE: Th...
Tissue ablation of the PROSTATE performed by ultrasound from a transducer placed in the RECTUM. The procedure is used to treat prostate cancer (PROSTATIC NEOPLASMS) and benign prostatic hypertrophy (PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA).
The use of molecularly targeted imaging probes to localize and/or monitor biochemical and cellular processes via various imaging modalities that include RADIONUCLIDE IMAGING; ULTRASONOGRAPHY; MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; fluorescence imaging; and MICROSCOPY.
The use of ultrasound to guide minimally invasive surgical procedures such as needle ASPIRATION BIOPSY; DRAINAGE; etc. Its widest application is intravascular ultrasound imaging but it is useful also in urology and intra-abdominal conditions.
A diagnostic technique that incorporates the measurement of molecular diffusion (such as water or metabolites) for tissue assessment by MRI. The degree of molecular movement can be measured by changes of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) with time, as reflected by tissue microstructure. Diffusion MRI has been used to study BRAIN ISCHEMIA and tumor response to treatment.
Proteins secreted by the prostate gland. The major secretory proteins from the human prostate gland include PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN, prostate-specific acid phosphatase, prostate-specific membrane antigen, and prostate-specific protein-94.
Radiology is the branch of medicine that studies imaging of the body; X-ray (basic, angiography, barium swallows), ultrasound, MRI, CT and PET. These imaging techniques can be used to diagnose, but also to treat a range of conditions, by allowing visuali...