Desquamative interstitial pneumonia as the initial manifestation of systemic sclerosis.
Summary of "Desquamative interstitial pneumonia as the initial manifestation of systemic sclerosis."
Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a frequent pulmonary complication of systemic sclerosis (SSc), and nonspecific interstitial pneumonia is the most commonly recognized pattern of lung injury in these patients. In this report, we describe a never-smoker female presenting with Raynaud phenomenon and ILD that demonstrated desquamative interstitial pneumonia (DIP) on surgical lung biopsy. After 8 months, she was diagnosed with pulmonary hypertension at which time clinical examinations and serologic findings established the diagnosis of SSc. This case report expands the spectrum of patterns of ILD seen in association with SSc to include DIP.
From the *Respiratory Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH; and daggerOrthopedic & Rheumatologic Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of clinical rheumatology : practical reports on rheumatic & musculoskeletal diseases
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20808169
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RHU.0b013e3181eed86d
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Cryptogenic Organizing Pneumonia
An interstitial lung disease of unknown etiology, occurring between 21-80 years of age. It is characterized by a dramatic onset of a "pneumonia-like" illness with cough, fever, malaise, fatigue, and weight loss. Pathological features include prominent interstitial inflammation without collagen fibrosis, diffuse fibroblastic foci, and no microscopic honeycomb change. There is excessive proliferation of granulation tissue within small airways and alveolar ducts.
A species of gram-negative bacteria originally isolated from the LUNGS; TRACHEA; and NASAL CAVITY of SHEEP. It causes chronic interstitial pneumonia (PNEUMONIA, MYCOPLASMA) in both SHEEP and GOATS.
Idiopathic Interstitial Pneumonias
A group of interstitial lung diseases with no known etiology. There are several entities with varying patterns of inflammation and fibrosis. They are classified by their distinct clinical-radiological-pathological features and prognosis. They include IDIOPATHIC PULMONARY FIBROSIS; CRYPTOGENIC ORGANIZING PNEUMONIA; and others.
Infections with species in the genus PNEUMOCYSTIS, a fungus causing interstitial plasma cell pneumonia (PNEUMONIA, PNEUMOCYSTIS) and other infections in humans and other MAMMALS. Immunocompromised patients, especially those with AIDS, are particularly susceptible to these infections. Extrapulmonary sites are rare but seen occasionally.
Interstitial pneumonia caused by extensive infection of the lungs (LUNG) and BRONCHI, particularly the lower lobes of the lungs, by MYCOPLASMA PNEUMONIAE in humans. In SHEEP, it is caused by MYCOPLASMA OVIPNEUMONIAE. In CATTLE, it may be caused by MYCOPLASMA DISPAR.
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