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Abstract Conclusions: This study revealed that, in the adult population, the final diagnosis of this entity can only be made by combining imaging with clinical tests. Objective: We developed the largest temporal bone multislice computed tomography (CT) scan study so far by including 410 cases to investigate the prevalence of posterior semicircular canal dehiscence in patients with symptoms unrelated to the inner ear. Methods: A prospective study was performed in 410 consecutive adult individuals who underwent temporal bone multislice CT scan examinations. Results: The prevalence of posterior semicircular canal dehiscence was determined to be 1.2%. No superior or lateral semicircular canal defect was detected in these five patients. All cases with posterior semicircular canal defect were male. In two cases the canal was located unilaterally, while in three cases the defects were present bilaterally. Otological examination and audiovestibular tests revealed no abnormal findings in any of the individuals.
Department of Radiology.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Acta oto-laryngologica
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Three long canals (anterior, posterior, and lateral) of the bony labyrinth. They are set at right angles to each other and are situated posterosuperior to the vestibule of the bony labyrinth (VESTIBULAR LABYRINTH). The semicircular canals have five openings into the vestibule with one shared by the anterior and the posterior canals. Within the canals are the SEMICIRCULAR DUCTS.
The three membranous semicircular ducts within the bony semicircular canals. They open into the UTRICLE through five openings. Each duct has at one end a sensory area called the ampullary crest. AMPULLARY HAIR CELLS of the crests sense the movement of ENDOLYMPH resulting from rotation of the head.
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A pathological condition that is characterized by a host of cranial symptoms, such as headaches, abnormal functions of the eyes and the ears, and psychological and mental disorders. This syndrome usually appears after neck injuries, inflammation, or neoplasm.
A small bony canal linking the vestibule of the inner ear to the posterior part of the internal surface of the petrous TEMPORAL BONE. It transmits the endolymphatic duct and two small blood vessels.
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