Effects of Prefeeding Oral Stimulation on Feeding Performance of Preterm Infants.
Summary of "Effects of Prefeeding Oral Stimulation on Feeding Performance of Preterm Infants."
To investigate the effects of a prefeeding oral stimulation program on the feeding performance of preterm infants.
A crossover design was used. Nineteen preterm infants who were in the transitional time to full oral feeding served as their own controls. A 5-minute oral stimulation program was applied to infants prior to feeding in two of 4 feedings on two consecutive days. Feeding, behavioral state, and physiological parameters of infants in the intervention and control feeding conditions were compared using SPSS software.
Here were two significant findings: (1) Compared to the control condition, infants in the intervention condition achieved a greater intake rate in the initial 5 min of the feeding (P = 0.021). (2) After receiving oral stimulation, a higher percentage of infants moved to the drowsy or quiet alert state from sleep or restlessness before feeding, both on Day 1 (P = 0.016) as well as Day 2 (P = 0.016). No significant differences were found in other feeding parameters, feeding-induced physiological changes (peripheral oxygen saturation levels and pulse rate) and behavioral states between two feeding conditions.
Oral stimulation had a modulating effect on the prefeeding behavioral states and short-lived beneficial effects on the feeding efficiency of preterm infants.
Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Indian journal of pediatrics
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20814844
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12098-010-0001-9
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