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A fluoroscopy-guided lumbar spine injection procedure may be complicated by immediate paralysis. Twelve cases (five recent and seven published) that occurred between 2002 and 2008 were reviewed (history of lumbar surgery, route of injection, image-guidance, injection of contrast, type of steroid, level of paraplegia, MR imaging features). MRI showed cord ischemia from arterial origin. The high number of patients with prior lumbar spine surgery suggests that the presence of scar tissue could increase the risk of paraplegia. A transforaminal approach was used in all patients without history of lumbar surgery while transforaminal, interlaminar and juxta-zygapophyseal approaches were used in patients with prior lumbar surgery. The high number of cases in France could be explained by the exclusive use of prednisolone acetate which has a higher rate of macro-aggregate formation that could lead to embolization in medullary arteries.
Service de Radiologie Ostéo-articulaire, Hôpital Lariboisière, AP-HP, 2 rue Ambroise Paré, 75010 Paris, France.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal de radiologie
There have been many studies proving the effectiveness of lumbar transforaminal epidural steroid injections (TFESIs) for the treatment of radicular pain. Dexamethasone has been suggested as an alterna...
To determine the effectiveness and risks of non-image-guided lumbar interlaminar epidural steroid injections.
Epidural steroid injections have been gaining popularity as an alternative to surgical treatment of radicular pain with associated spinal derangement. To determine the effectiveness and indications of...
There are several nonsurgical alternatives to treat radicular pain in degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis. Epidural steroid injections have been used for several decades, but the different studies hav...
Despite the widespread use of surgery for degenerative lumbar disease (DLD), the comparative effectiveness of surgery vs epidural steroid injections (ESIs) is not well established. A few studies have ...
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The purpose of this study is to evaluate the skin to epidural space depth (thoracic and lumbar) and define the ratio between thoracic and lumbar epidural space in children on the basis of ...
1. To demonstrate clinically significant improvements in patients undergoing lumbar interlaminar epidurals. Improvement will be assessed in relation to the clinical outcome measu...
At Wake Forest University, the investigators have been using Extended Release Epidural Morphine (EREM), since late 2004, as part of multimodal analgesia in patients having gynecologic surg...
Spinal stenosis is a prevalent diagnosis, which is handled in a heterogeneous manner by clinicians. Moreover, when using steroidal epidural injections, successful treatment is currently de...
The injection of drugs, most often analgesics, into the spinal canal without puncturing the dura mater.
The injection of autologous blood into the epidural space either as a prophylactic treatment immediately following an epidural puncture or for treatment of headache as a result of an epidural puncture.
The relief of pain without loss of consciousness through the introduction of an analgesic agent into the epidural space of the vertebral canal. It is differentiated from ANESTHESIA, EPIDURAL which refers to the state of insensitivity to sensation.
A rare epidural hematoma in the spinal epidural space, usually due to a vascular malformation (CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM VASCULAR MALFORMATIONS) or TRAUMA. Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma is a neurologic emergency due to a rapidly evolving compressive MYELOPATHY.
Circumscribed collections of suppurative material occurring in the spinal or intracranial EPIDURAL SPACE. The majority of epidural abscesses occur in the spinal canal and are associated with OSTEOMYELITIS of a vertebral body; ANALGESIA, EPIDURAL; and other conditions. Clinical manifestations include local and radicular pain, weakness, sensory loss, URINARY INCONTINENCE, and FECAL INCONTINENCE. Cranial epidural abscesses are usually associated with OSTEOMYELITIS of a cranial bone, SINUSITIS, or OTITIS MEDIA. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p710 and pp1240-1; J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1998 Aug;65(2):209-12)
Radiology is the branch of medicine that studies imaging of the body; X-ray (basic, angiography, barium swallows), ultrasound, MRI, CT and PET. These imaging techniques can be used to diagnose, but also to treat a range of conditions, by allowing visuali...
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