Risk Factor Differences for Aortic Versus Coronary Calcified Atherosclerosis. The Multiethnic Study of Atherosclerosis.
Summary of "Risk Factor Differences for Aortic Versus Coronary Calcified Atherosclerosis. The Multiethnic Study of Atherosclerosis."
The goal of this study was to compare and contrast coronary artery calcium (CAC) with abdominal aortic calcium (AAC) in terms of their associations with traditional and novel cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. METHODS AND
We measured both AAC and CAC using computed tomography scans in 1974 men and women aged 45 to 84 years from a multiethnic cohort. Traditional and novel CVD risk factors were examined separately in relation to AAC and CAC, using logistic regression for qualitative categorical comparisons and multiple linear regression for quantitative continuous comparisons. AAC was significantly associated with cigarette smoking and dyslipidemia and showed no gender difference. In contrast, CAC showed much weaker associations with smoking and dyslipidemia and a strong male predominance. Age and hypertension were associated similarly and significantly with AAC and CAC. Novel risk factors generally showed no independent association with either calcium measure, although in subset analyses, phosphorus, but not calcium, was related to CAC. The receiver operating characteristic curves for the qualitative results and the r(2) values for the quantitative analyses were both much higher for AAC than for CAC.
AAC showed stronger correlations with most CVD risk factors than did CAC. The predictive value of AAC compared with CAC for incident CVD events remains to be evaluated.
Departments of Family and Preventive Medicine.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20814018
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/ATVBAHA.110.208181
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of CORONARY VESSELS. Most coronary aneurysms are due to CORONARY ATHEROSCLEROSIS, and the rest are due to inflammatory diseases, such as KAWASAKI DISEASE.
Complete blockage of blood flow through one of the CORONARY ARTERIES, usually from CORONARY ATHEROSCLEROSIS.
Small clusters of chemoreceptive and supporting cells located near the ARCH OF THE AORTA; the PULMONARY ARTERIES; and the coronary arteries. The aortic bodies sense PH; CARBON DIOXIDE; and oxygen concentrations in the BLOOD and participate in the control of RESPIRATION. The aortic bodies should not be confused with the PARA-AORTIC BODIES in the abdomen (which are sometimes also called aortic bodies).
The formation of dentin. Dentin first appears in the layer between the ameloblasts and odontoblasts and becomes calcified immediately. Formation progresses from the tip of the papilla over its slope to form a calcified cap becoming thicker by the apposition of new layers pulpward. A layer of uncalcified dentin intervenes between the calcified tissue and the odontoblast and its processes. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
The voltage differences across a membrane. For cellular membranes they are computed by subtracting the voltage measured outside the membrane from the voltage measured inside the membrane. They result from differences of inside versus outside concentration of potassium, sodium, chloride, and other ions across cells' or ORGANELLES membranes. For excitable cells, the resting membrane potentials range between -30 and -100 millivolts. Physical, chemical, or electrical stimuli can make a membrane potential more negative (hyperpolarization), or less negative (depolarization).
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