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Microalbuminuria, assessed by measuring immunoreactive albumin, is common in patients with cerebrovascular disease and is associated with increased risk of stroke. Total urinary albumin (t-uAlb) comprises both immunoreactive albumin (ir-uAlb) and nonimmunoreactive albumin (nir-uAlb). We hypothesized that t-uAlb is a more sensitive indicator of microalbuminuria than ir-uAlb, and that measurement of t-uAlb will increase the prevalence of microalbuminuria in ischemic stroke patients compared with measurement of ir-uAlb and will show a stronger correlation with the severity of stroke and oxidative stress. In urine samples from 98 patients with ischemic stroke, the albumin-to-creatinine ratios t-uAlb/uCreat and ir-uAlb/uCreat were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and immunoturbidimetry (IT), and the nir-uAlb/uCreat ratio was calculated. Urinary ortho-tyrosine (o-Tyr/uCreat), an indicator of oxidative stress, was measured by HPLC. The severity of stroke was scored based on the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS). The prevalence of microalbuminuria detected by HPLC was significantly higher than that detetcted by IT (66.3 vs 36.7%). Although all forms of albumin showed significant correlation with stroke severity (t-uAlb: r = 0.24, P < .05 ir-uAlb: r = 0.25, P < .05 nir-uAlb: r = 0.29, P < .05), only nir-uAlb was found to be an independent predictor of stroke severity (B = 0.20, beta = 0.35, P < .05). In addition, t-uAlb/uCreat and nir-uAlb/uCreat had a significant correlation with o-Tyr/uCreat (r = 0.336, P < .05 and r = 0.358, P < .05 respectively), whereas ir-uAlb/uCreat did not (r = 0.22, P > .05). Our data suggest that in acute ischemic stroke patients, t-uAlb is a more sensitive indicator of microalbuminuria than the presently used ir-uAlb. Future studies should aim to elucidate the underlying mechanisms for the relationship among urinary albumins and cerebrovascular diseases and the role of urinary albumins in risk stratification for stroke.
Department of Physiology, New York Medical College, Valhalla, New York; Department of Pathophysiology and Gerontology, Medical School, University of Pécs, Hungary.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases : the official journal of National Stroke Association
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