Evaluation of mandibular condylar movement exercise for patients with internal derangement of the temporomandibular joint on initial presentation.
Summary of "Evaluation of mandibular condylar movement exercise for patients with internal derangement of the temporomandibular joint on initial presentation."
The aim of the present study was to evaluate mandibular condylar movement in a group of Japanese women who presented with closed lock of the temporomandibular joint. A total of 148 women aged between 19 and 75 years were included in the study. We examined mouth-opening, protrusion, and lateral excursive movements, and divided the patients into two groups (74 experimental cases and 74 controls). The experimental group was treated with exercises of the mandibular condyle, and the median (range) maximum mouth-opening increased from 27 (range 11-34)mm to 38 (24-47)mm. In control cases, it increased from 29 (range 20-35)mm to 30 (20-39)mm without exercise. In the experimental group, the median (range) maximum lateral movement on the opposite (unaffected) side increased from 8 (3-12)mm to 9 (5-13)mm. In the control group it remained similar at 7 (3-12)mm and 7 (3-12)mm. In the experimental group, the median (range) lateral movement on the affected side increased from 6 (2-13)mm to 8 (3-13)mm. In controls it remained similar at 6 (2-12)mm and 6 (2-12)mm. In the experimental group, the median (range) maximum protrusion increased from 6 (3-12)mm to 7 (4-12)mm, and in the control group from 6 (2-10)mm to 7 (2-10)mm. There was a significant difference between the experimental (50/74, 68%) and control groups (3/74, 4%) in the degree of increased mouth-opening. Exercise of the first mandibular condylar seems to be useful in the treatment of closed lock on initial treatment.
First Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Osaka Dental University, 1-5-17 Otemae, Chuo-ku, Osaka 540-0008, Japan.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The British journal of oral & maxillofacial surgery
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20630631
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjoms.2010.05.016
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The posterior process on the ramus of the mandible composed of two parts: a superior part, the articular portion, and an inferior part, the condylar neck.
A method of recording heart motion and internal structures by combining ultrasonic imaging with exercise testing (EXERCISE TEST) or pharmacologic stress.
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