Design, formulation and evaluation of caffeine chewing gum.
Summary of "Design, formulation and evaluation of caffeine chewing gum."
Caffeine which exists in drinks such as coffee as well as in drug dosage forms in the global market is among the materials that increase alertness and decrease fatigue. Compared to other forms of caffeine, caffeine gum can create faster and more prominent effects. In this study, the main goal is to design a new formulation of caffeine gum with desirable taste and assess its physicochemical properties.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Advanced biomedical research
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24223387
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2277-9175.115806
Abstract This investigation reports the effects of chewing caffeinated gum on race performance with trained cyclists. Twenty competitive cyclists completed two 30-km time trials that included a maxima...
The effect of habitual gum chewing on temporomandibular joint function is controversial. This study evaluated the prevalence of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) in adolescents with and without gum che...
Current regulation of caffeine-containing products is incoherent, fails to protect consumers' interests, and should be modified in multiple ways. We make the case for one of the regulatory reforms tha...
Medicated gums are intended to be chewed and act either locally, absorbed via the buccal mucosa or swallowed with saliva. We prepared the metformin gum to overcome its side effects including vomiting,...
Psychosocial stress is accompanied by an increase in the activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA)-axis and by an increase in food intake. At present, no studies have been conducted ...
The phosphorus content in saliva is increased in chronic kidney disease. We hypothesize that a chewing gum that binds salivary phosphorus would be a novel, effective agent to reduce serum...
It is often assumed that levels of caffeine found in ‘decaffeinated’ beverages are below any psychopharmacological threshold. However, recent findings indicate that caffeine doses as l...
The study investigated the effect of caffeine on physical performance in healthy citizens aged over 70 years following eight hours of abstinence from caffeine containing drinks and foods. ...
The purpose of this study is to see if chewing sugarless chewing gum alters the time it takes for a capsule endoscopy to travel through the stomach and small bowel, and to see if more/less...
This study will attempt to determine if the use of chewing gum can cause the early return of bowel function after gynecologic surgery.
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A field of biological research combining engineering in the formulation, design, and building (synthesis) of novel biological structures, functions, and systems.
A methylxanthine naturally occurring in some beverages and also used as a pharmacological agent. Caffeine's most notable pharmacological effect is as a central nervous system stimulant, increasing alertness and producing agitation. It also relaxes SMOOTH MUSCLE, stimulates CARDIAC MUSCLE, stimulates DIURESIS, and appears to be useful in the treatment of some types of headache. Several cellular actions of caffeine have been observed, but it is not entirely clear how each contributes to its pharmacological profile. Among the most important are inhibition of cyclic nucleotide PHOSPHODIESTERASES, antagonism of ADENOSINE RECEPTORS, and modulation of intracellular calcium handling.
Architecture, exterior and interior design, and construction of facilities other than hospitals, e.g., dental schools, medical schools, ambulatory care clinics, and specified units of health care facilities. The concept also includes architecture, design, and construction of specialized contained, controlled, or closed research environments including those of space labs and stations.
The architecture, functional design, and construction of hospitals.
Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.