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Ischemia is an established cause of acute pancreatitis; however, acute pancreatitis has never been reported after cardiac arrest. CASE
We report a case of acute pancreatitis following cardiac arrest with prolonged cardiopulmonary resuscitation in a 58-year-old man, the mechanism of which is likely to be ischemic. The patient developed severe ischemic encephalopathy, leading to death. Possible causes of acute pancreatitis in a context of cardiopulmonary resuscitation are discussed.
In case of abdominal distension following cardiac arrest, diagnoses of mesenteric ischemia and acute ischemic pancreatitis should be considered. Such digestive complications occurring after cardiac arrest probably reflect the severity of the ischemia.
Intensive Care Unit, Besançon University Hospital. Besançon, France. email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: JOP : Journal of the pancreas
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INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS. Pancreatitis is classified as acute unless there are computed tomographic or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatographic findings of CHRONIC PANCREATITIS (International Symposium on Acute Pancreatitis, Atlanta, 1992). The two most common forms of acute pancreatitis are ALCOHOLIC PANCREATITIS and gallstone pancreatitis.
Acute or chronic INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS due to excessive ALCOHOL DRINKING. Alcoholic pancreatitis usually presents as an acute episode but it is a chronic progressive disease in alcoholics.
Occurrence of heart arrest in an individual when there is no immediate access to medical personnel or equipment.
The omission of atrial activation that is caused by transient cessation of impulse generation at the SINOATRIAL NODE. It is characterized by a prolonged pause without P wave in an ELECTROCARDIOGRAM. Sinus arrest has been associated with sleep apnea (REM SLEEP-RELATED SINUS ARREST).
Cessation of heart beat or MYOCARDIAL CONTRACTION. If it is treated within a few minutes, heart arrest can be reversed in most cases to normal cardiac rhythm and effective circulation.
Astroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Barrett's Esophagus Celiac Disease Cholesterol Crohn's Disease Gastroenterology Hepatitis Hepatology Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Pancreatitis Peptic Ulcer Disease...
Pancreatitis Acute pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas caused by the release of activated pancreatic enzymes. Common triggers are biliary tract disease and chronic heavy alcohol intake. Diagnosis is based on clinical presentation...