Splenic mass and isolated gastric varices: a rare presentation of a neuroendocrine tumor of the pancreas.
Summary of "Splenic mass and isolated gastric varices: a rare presentation of a neuroendocrine tumor of the pancreas."
Splenic involvement in neuroendocrine pancreatic tumors is well known but rarely presents as a primary splenic mass. CASE
A rare case of a neuroendocrine tumor involving the tail of the pancreas, splenic hilum and splenic flexure of the colon, forming a conglomerate mass and presenting as isolated gastric varices is described. A 75-year-old male presented with hematemesis and melena. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed isolated gastric varices. A CT scan revealed a mass predominantly involving the spleen and a small part of the pancreas.
A splenic mass with isolated gastric varices should be kept in mind as one of the presentations of a pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor.
Department of Pathology, TN Medical College and BYL Nair Ch Hospital. Mumbai, India. email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: JOP : Journal of the pancreas
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Chemical agents injected into blood vessels and lymphatic sinuses to shrink or cause localized THROMBOSIS; FIBROSIS, and obliteration of the vessels. This treatment is applied in a number of conditions such as VARICOSE VEINS; HEMORRHOIDS; GASTRIC VARICES; ESOPHAGEAL VARICES; PEPTIC ULCER HEMORRHAGE.
Esophageal And Gastric Varices
Dilated blood vessels in the ESOPHAGUS or GASTRIC FUNDUS that shunt blood from the portal circulation (PORTAL SYSTEM) to the systemic venous circulation. Often they are observed in individuals with portal hypertension (HYPERTENSION, PORTAL).
Neuroendocrine cells in the glands of the GASTRIC MUCOSA. They produce HISTAMINE and peptides such as CHROMOGRANINS. ECL cells respond to GASTRIN by releasing histamine which acts as a paracrine stimulator of the release of HYDROCHLORIC ACID from the GASTRIC PARIETAL CELLS.
The spontaneous transplantation of splenic tissue to unusual sites after open splenic trauma, e.g., after automobile accidents, gunshot or stab wounds. The splenic pulp implants appear as red-blue nodules on the peritoneum, omentum, and mesentery, morphologically similar to multifocal pelvic endometriosis. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
The arterial trunk that arises from the abdominal aorta and after a short course divides into the left gastric, common hepatic and splenic arteries.
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