Anterior transposition of the ulnar nerve with endoscopic assistance.
Summary of "Anterior transposition of the ulnar nerve with endoscopic assistance."
We treated 20 patients with cubital tunnel syndrome by anterior transposition of the ulnar nerve with endoscopic assistance. Five elbows were classified preoperatively as McGowan's stage 1, 11 as stage 2 and four as stage 3. Excellent outcomes were obtained in nine and good in eight patients. Three patients had fair results. Improvement of symptoms occurred in all patients. There were no serious complications. All ulnar nerves remained anteriorly transposed.
Okayama Red Cross Hospital and Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Okayama University Medical School, Okama City, Japan.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Journal of hand surgery, European volume
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20817648
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1753193410381675
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A major nerve of the upper extremity. In humans, the fibers of the ulnar nerve originate in the lower cervical and upper thoracic spinal cord (usually C7 to T1), travel via the medial cord of the brachial plexus, and supply sensory and motor innervation to parts of the hand and forearm.
Cubital Tunnel Syndrome
Compression of the ULNAR NERVE in the cubital tunnel, which is formed by the two heads of the flexor carpi ulnaris muscle, humeral-ulnar aponeurosis, and medial ligaments of the elbow. This condition may follow trauma or occur in association with processes which produce nerve enlargement or narrowing of the canal. Manifestations include elbow pain and PARESTHESIA radiating distally, weakness of ulnar innervated intrinsic hand muscles, and loss of sensation over the hypothenar region, fifth finger, and ulnar aspect of the ring finger. (Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1995, Ch51, p43)
Ulnar Nerve Compression Syndromes
Ulnar neuropathies caused by mechanical compression of the nerve at any location from its origin at the BRACHIAL PLEXUS to its terminations in the hand. Common sites of compression include the retroepicondylar groove, cubital tunnel at the elbow (CUBITAL TUNNEL SYNDROME), and Guyon's canal at the wrist. Clinical features depend on the site of injury, but may include weakness or paralysis of wrist flexion, finger flexion, and ulnar innervated intrinsic hand muscles, and impaired sensation over the ulnar aspect of the hand, fifth finger, and ulnar half of the ring finger. (Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1995, Ch51, p43)
Disease involving the ULNAR NERVE from its origin in the BRACHIAL PLEXUS to its termination in the hand. Clinical manifestations may include PARESIS or PARALYSIS of wrist flexion, finger flexion, thumb adduction, finger abduction, and finger adduction. Sensation over the medial palm, fifth finger, and ulnar aspect of the ring finger may also be impaired. Common sites of injury include the AXILLA, cubital tunnel at the ELBOW, and Guyon's canal at the wrist. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1995, Ch51 pp43-5)
A sensory branch of the MANDIBULAR NERVE, which is part of the trigeminal (5th cranial) nerve. The lingual nerve carries general afferent fibers from the anterior two-thirds of the tongue, the floor of the mouth, and the mandibular gingivae.
Shi Q, MacDermid J, Grewal R, King GJ, Faber K, Miller TA. Predictors of functional outcome change 18 months after anterior ulnar nerve transposition.
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