> aneurysm of the abdominal aorta.
Summary of "<
> aneurysm of the abdominal aorta."
We present a patient with an aortic aneurysm and the epidemiology, etiology, screening, symptoms and therapeutic options of abdominal aortic aneurysms are discussed. A widening of the abdominal aorta >3 cm is termed aortic aneurysm. As patients with aortic aneurysm are mostly oligosymptomatic until rupture occurs and an estimated 30'000 patients annually die from ruptured aortic aneurysm in the US a screening of the population at greatest risk (smokers, familial predisposition) is recommended. Screening is best done by ultrasound. Noninvasive therapy is limited to antiplatelet therapy and optimal adjustment of risk factors. For definitive treatment endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) is considered an established alternative to open surgery with lower 30 days mortality but higher reintervention rate.
Klinik für Angiologie, Universitätsspital Basel.
This article was published in the following journal.
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20824610
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1024/1661-8157/a000228
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Aneurysm due to growth of microorganisms in the arterial wall, or infection arising within preexisting arteriosclerotic aneurysms.
Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal
An abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of the ABDOMINAL AORTA which gives rise to the visceral, the parietal, and the terminal (iliac) branches below the aortic hiatus at the diaphragm.
The portion of the descending aorta proceeding from the arch of the aorta and extending to the DIAPHRAGM, eventually connecting to the ABDOMINAL AORTA.
The tearing or bursting of the wall along any portion of the AORTA, such as thoracic or abdominal. It may result from the rupture of an aneurysm or it may be due to TRAUMA.
The aorta from the DIAPHRAGM to the bifurcation into the right and left common iliac arteries.
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