Interleukin-1A +4845(G>T) polymorphism is a factor predisposing to acne vulgaris.
Summary of "Interleukin-1A +4845(G>T) polymorphism is a factor predisposing to acne vulgaris."
Acne vulgaris is a common chronic inflammatory skin disease of multifactorial origin. The aim of this study was to clarify whether known polymorphisms of the interleukin-1A (IL1A) and IL1RN genes play a role in the pathogenesis of acne vulgaris. A positive association was found between the minor T allele of the IL1A +4845(G>T) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and acne, whereas no association was found with respect to any alleles of the variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) polymorphism of the IL1RN gene. The severity of inflammatory acne symptoms correlated with the percentage of individuals carrying the homozygote T/T genotype. These results may help to elucidate the molecular events leading to the development of acne.
Dermatological Research Group of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Szeged, Hungary.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Tissue antigens
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20630038
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-0039.2010.01530.x
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A chronic disorder of the pilosebaceous apparatus associated with an increase in sebum secretion. It is characterized by open comedones (blackheads), closed comedones (whiteheads), and pustular nodules. The cause is unknown, but heredity and age are predisposing factors.
A topical dermatologic agent that is used in the treatment of ACNE VULGARIS and several other skin diseases. The drug has teratogenic and other adverse effects.
A soluble factor produced by MONOCYTES; MACROPHAGES, and other cells which activates T-lymphocytes and potentiates their response to mitogens or antigens. Interleukin-1 is a general term refers to either of the two distinct proteins, INTERLEUKIN-1ALPHA and INTERLEUKIN-1BETA. The biological effects of IL-1 include the ability to replace macrophage requirements for T-cell activation.
Interleukin Receptor Common Gamma Subunit
An interleukin receptor subunit that was originally discovered as a component of the INTERLEUKIN 2 RECEPTOR. It was subsequently found to be a component of several other receptors including the INTERLEUKIN 4 RECEPTOR, the INTERLEUKIN 7 RECEPTOR, the INTERLEUKIN-9 RECEPTOR, the INTERLEUKIN-15 RECEPTOR, and the INTERLEUKIN-21 RECEPTOR. Mutations in the gene for the interleukin common gamma chain have been associated with X-LINKED COMBINED IMMUNODEFICIENCY DISEASES.
Receptor, Ciliary Neurotrophic Factor
Cell surface receptors for CILIARY NEUROTROPHIC FACTOR. They are heterotrimeric proteins formed by the association of the CILIARY NEUROTROPHIC FACTOR RECEPTOR ALPHA SUBUNIT with the LEUKEMIA INHIBITORY FACTOR RECEPTOR ALPHA SUBUNIT and the CYTOKINE RECEPTOR GP130. Although the receptor regulates neuronal development, it is structurally similar to the cytokine receptor for INTERLEUKIN-6; (RECEPTORS, INTERLEUKIN-6).
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